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Deficit
1 The Deficit Myth - Stephanie Kelton
Auteur : Stephanie Kelton
Genre : Économie
The leading thinker and most visible public advocate of modern monetary theory - the freshest and most important idea about economics in decades - delivers a radically different, bold, new understanding for how to build a just and prosperous society.
Stephanie Kelton's brilliant exploration of modern monetary theory (MMT) dramatically changes our understanding of how we can best deal with crucial issues ranging from poverty and inequality to creating jobs, expanding health care coverage, climate change, and building resilient infrastructure. Any ambitious proposal, however, inevitably runs into the buzz saw of how to find the money to pay for it, rooted in myths about deficits that are hobbling us as a country.
Kelton busts through the myths that prevent us from taking action: that the federal government should budget like a household, that deficits will harm the next g
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Marginal
Society
3 The Zero Marginal Cost Society - Jeremy Rifkin
Auteur : Jeremy Rifkin
Genre : Économie
In The Zero Marginal Cost Society, New York Times bestselling author Jeremy Rifkin describes how the emerging Internet of Things is speeding us to an era of nearly free goods and services, precipitating the meteoric rise of a global Collaborative Commons and the eclipse of capitalism.

Rifkin uncovers a paradox at the heart of capitalism that has propelled it to greatness but is now taking it to its death—the inherent entrepreneurial dynamism of competitive markets that drives productivity up and marginal costs down, enabling businesses to reduce the price of their goods and services in order to win over consumers and market share. (Marginal cost is the cost of producing additional units of a good or service, if fixed costs are not counted.) While economists have always welcomed a reduction in marginal cost, they never anticipated the possibility of a tec

Software
Defined
Analytics
Workloads
4 IBM Software Defined Infrastructure for Big Data Analytics Workloads - IBM Redbooks
Auteur : IBM Redbooks
Genre : Ordinateurs
This IBM® Redbooks® publication documents how IBM Platform Computing, with its IBM Platform Symphony® MapReduce framework, IBM Spectrum Scale (based Upon IBM GPFS™), IBM Platform LSF®, the Advanced Service Controller for Platform Symphony are work together as an infrastructure to manage not just Hadoop-related offerings, but many popular industry offeringsm such as Apach Spark, Storm, MongoDB, Cassandra, and so on.

It describes the different ways to run Hadoop in a big data environment, and demonstrates how IBM Platform Computing solutions, such as Platform Symphony and Platform LSF with its MapReduce Accelerator, can help performance and agility to run Hadoop on distributed workload managers offered by IBM. This information is for technical professionals (consultants, technical support staff, IT architects, and IT specialists) who are responsible for delivering cost-eff

Infosphere
Warehouse
Business
Intelligence
5 InfoSphere Warehouse: A Robust Infrastructure for Business Intelligence - IBM Redbooks
Auteur : IBM Redbooks
Genre : Bases de données
In this IBM® Redbooks® publication we describe and demonstrate Version 9.7 of IBM InfoSphere™ Warehouse. InfoSphere Warehouse is a comprehensive platform with all the functionality required for developing robust infrastructure for business intelligence solutions. It enables companies to access and analyze operational and historical information, whether structured or unstructured, to gain business insight for improved decision making. InfoSphere Warehouse solutions simplify the processes of developing and maintaining a data warehousing infrastructure and can significantly enhance the time to value for business analytics. The InfoSphere Warehouse platform provides a fully integrated environment built around IBM DB2® 9.7 server technology on Linux®, UNIX® and Microsoft® Windows® platforms, as well as System z®. Common user interfaces support application development, data modeling

Bologne
Culture
Durable
6 Bologne: Une culture durable - Gianni Carbonaro, Chiara Pancotti & Banque européenne d'investissement
Auteur : Gianni Carbonaro, Chiara Pancotti & Banque européenne d'investissement
Genre : Économie
Appuyée par une histoire politique et culturelle sans égal, Bologne a pu devancer la plupart des villes italiennes grâce à des investissements stratégiques dans les services, la santé et l'éducation. Son souci de la pérennité dans une variété de domaines devrait aider la ville à poursuivre sur la voie de cette réussite.

Dans cet article, nous récapitulons les grandes étapes de l'aménagement de l'aire métropolitaine de Bologne au cours des dernières décennies, en nous arrêtant tout particulièrement sur le rôle des politiques de la ville et des investissements urbains dans un contexte territorial plus vaste – européen, national et régional.

7 Could Data Sprawl in the Cloud Cost You Your Job? - Jeff Vance
Auteur : Jeff Vance
Genre : Ordinateurs
Despite the numerous cost-savings and productivity-boosting opportunities cloud computing presents, many organizations are struggling to take full advantage of them. Yet, CIOs face constant pressure to adopt new technologies in order to cut costs. As companies try to trim costs using the cloud, new data challenges emerge, and CIOs must cope with additional pressure from the rest of the organization. Without new data integration tools, CIOs risk losing control over the information they rely on, putting their very jobs in peril.

Bangkok
Panorama
8 Bangkok Panorama 3 - aeydotme
Auteur : aeydotme
Genre : Photographie
The third set from my Bangkok Panorama collection: Infrastructure of Bangkok: bridge, road, sport facility transportation and public park.

Metaphysique
9 Les Ancres dans le ciel. L'infrastructure métaphysique - Rémi Brague
Auteur : Rémi Brague
Genre : Philosophie
" On n'a pas besoin de métaphysique, et encore moins de sa version populaire, la religion. Il suffit d'une bonne morale pour savoir quoi faire, d'un droit et d'une politique efficaces pour la faire respecter. "

C'est faux.

Cela a pu être vrai. Cela reste vrai là où il s'agit de fournir des règles pour que les hommes vivent en paix les uns avec les autres. Seulement, aujourd'hui, l'homme a réalisé le projet moderne et pris son destin en main. Il peut décider librement d'être ou de ne pas être. Pourquoi y aurait-il de l'être et pas plutôt rien ?

Désormais, une nouvelle question se pose, celle de la légitimité de l'humain. Pour lui donner une réponse positive, il faut que la vie soit un bien. Il ne suffit pas qu'elle soit agréable ou intéressante pour ceux qui sont déjà vivants–;ce que nul ne nie. Il faut encore que la vie soit un b

Building
Security
10 Building the Infrastructure for Cloud Security - Raghuram Yeluri & Enrique Castro-Leon
Auteur : Raghuram Yeluri & Enrique Castro-Leon
Genre : Ordinateurs
For cloud users and providers alike, security is an everyday concern, yet there are very few books covering cloud security as a main subject. This book will help address this information gap from an Information Technology solution and usage-centric view of cloud infrastructure security. The book highlights the fundamental technology components necessary to build and enable trusted clouds. Here also is an explanation of the security and compliance challenges organizations face as they migrate mission-critical
applications to the cloud, and how trusted clouds, that have their integrity rooted in hardware, can address these challenges.

This book provides:
Use cases and solution reference architectures to enable infrastructure integrity and the creation of trusted pools leveraging Intel Trusted Execution Technology (TXT). Trusted geo-location management in the cloud, e

Connectography
11 Connectography - Parag Khanna
Auteur : Parag Khanna
Genre : Économie
Which lines on the map matter most?

It's time to reimagine how life is organized on Earth. In Connectography, Parag Khanna guides us through the emerging global network civilization in which mega-cities compete over connectivity and borders are increasingly irrelevant. Travelling across the world, Khanna shows how twenty-first-century conflict is a tug-of-war over pipelines and Internet cables, advanced technologies and market access.

Yet Connectography also offers a hopeful vision of the future - beneath the chaos of a world that appears to be falling apart, a new foundation of connectivity is pulling it together.

Architecture
12 IT Infrastructure Architecture - Sjaak Laan
Auteur : Sjaak Laan
Genre : Ordinateurs
This book explains the concepts, history, and implementation of IT infrastructures. Although many of books can be found on each individual infrastructure building block, this is the first book to describe all of them: datacenters, servers, networks, storage, operating systems, and end user devices.
The building blocks described in this book provide functionality, but they also provide the non-functional attributes performance, availability, and security. These attributes are explained on a conceptual level in separate chapters, and more specific in the chapters about each individual building block.
Whether you need an introduction to infrastructure technologies, a refresher course, or a study guide for a computer science class, you will find that the presented building blocks and concepts provide a solid foundation for understanding the complexity of today’s IT infrastructure

Connectography
13 Connectography - Parag Khanna
Auteur : Parag Khanna
Genre : Entreprise et management
From the visionary bestselling author of The Second World and How to Run the World comes a bracing and authoritative guide to a future shaped less by national borders than by global supply chains, a world in which the most connected powers—and people—will win.

Connectivity is the most revolutionary force of the twenty-first century. Mankind is reengineering the planet, investing up to ten trillion dollars per year in transportation, energy, and communications infrastructure linking the world’s burgeoning megacities together. This has profound consequences for geopolitics, economics, demographics, the environment, and social identity. Connectivity, not geography, is our destiny.

In Connectography, visionary strategist Parag Khanna travels from Ukraine to Iran, Mongolia to North Korea, Pakistan to Nigeria, and across the Arctic Circl

14 The Future Is Asian - Parag Khanna
Auteur : Parag Khanna
Genre : Économie
In the 19th century, the world was Europeanized. In the 20th century, it was Americanized. Now, in the 21st century, the world is being Asianized.

The “Asian Century” is even bigger than you think. Far greater than just China, the new Asian system taking shape is a multi-civilizational order spanning Saudi Arabia to Japan, Russia to Australia, Turkey to Indonesia—linking five billion people through trade, finance, infrastructure, and diplomatic networks that together represent 40 percent of global GDP. China has taken a lead in building the new Silk Roads across Asia, but it will not lead it alone. Rather, Asia is rapidly returning to the centuries-old patterns of commerce, conflict, and cultural exchange that thrived long before European colonialism and American dominance. Asians will determine their own future—and as they collectively assert their interests ar

15 Infrastructure - Brett M. Frischmann
Auteur : Brett M. Frischmann
Genre : Droit
Infrastructure resources are the subject of many contentious public policy debates, including what to do about crumbling roads and bridges, whether and how to protect our natural environment, energy policy, even patent law reform, universal health care, network neutrality regulation and the future of the Internet. Each of these involves a battle to control infrastructure resources, to establish the terms and conditions under which the public receives access, and to determine how the infrastructure and various dependent systems evolve over time. Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources devotes much needed attention to understanding how society benefits from infrastructure resources and how management decisions affect a wide variety of interests. The book links infrastructure, a particular set of resources defined in terms of the manner in which they create value, with common

16 The Green New Deal - Jeremy Rifkin
Auteur : Jeremy Rifkin
Genre : Administration publique
An urgent plan to confront climate change, transform the American economy, and create a green post-fossil fuel culture.

A new vision for America’s future is quickly gaining momentum. Facing a global emergency, a younger generation is spearheading a national conversation around a Green New Deal and setting the agenda for a bold political movement with the potential to revolutionize society. Millennials, the largest voting bloc in the country, are now leading on the issue of climate change.

While the Green New Deal has become a lightning rod in the political sphere, there is a parallel movement emerging within the business community that will shake the very foundation of the global economy in coming years. Key sectors of the economy are fast-decoupling from fossil fuels in favor of ever cheaper solar and wind energies and the new business opportunities and em

17 Infrastructure - LB Jubil
Auteur : LB Jubil
Genre : Policier et suspense
The National Guard armory is broken into the thieves after explosives and weapons, a highly organized and thought out diabolical scheme to cripple the entire state.
Though a short story Jubal will take you down the path of this diabolical scheme, substations only a chain-link fence to keep people out no security cameras no alarms.
These substations a substantial venerable part of our power grid explosives C-4 stolen from the National Guard Armory was being distributed to their many cohorts throughout the state, their target electrical substations the purpose to cripple the entire state leaving it without electrical power or anything that relies on electricity to function.
A devastating heat wave cutting deeply into the states electrical grid causing periodic brownouts, and now as this diabolical plan is being carried out by its saboteurs it will in fact cripple the entire

History
18 United States History - Marlene Bailey, Denise Gallemore, Whitney Holdwick, Karyn Hutchinson, Denise Knapp & Sara Smith
Auteur : Marlene Bailey, Denise Gallemore, Whitney Holdwick, Karyn Hutchinson, Denise Knapp & Sara Smith
Genre : États-Unis
Fifth grade students in Michigan begin their study of American history with American Indian peoples before the arrival of European explorers and conclude with the adoption of the Bill of Rights in 1791.

Resilience
Management
19 Resilience of Large Water Management Infrastructure - Faisal Hossain
Auteur : Faisal Hossain
Genre : Génie de l’environnement
Infrastructure that manages our water resources (such as, dams and reservoirs, irrigation systems, channels, navigation waterways, water and wastewater treatment facilities, storm drainage systems, urban water distribution and sanitation systems), are critical to all sectors of an economy. Realizing the importance of water infrastructures, efforts have already begun on understanding the sustainability and resilience of such systems under changing conditions expected in the future. 
The goal of this collected work is to raise awareness among civil engineers of the various implications of landscape change and non-climate drivers on the resilience of water management infrastructure. It identifies the knowledge gaps and then provides effective and complementary approaches to assimilate knowledge discovery on local (mesoscale)-to-regional landscape drivers to improve practices on de

Assessment
Defense
Implications
Expanding
Digital
Military
Engagement
Influence
Operations
20 Assessment on U.S. Defense Implications of China's Expanding Global Access: One Belt, One Road and Digital Silk Road Infrastructure, Military Access and Engagement, Media and Influence Operations - Progressive Management
Auteur : Progressive Management
Genre : Asie
This unique report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. This report assesses China's global expansion by military and nonmilitary means, implications of China's activities, and the U.S. response, as mandated by the National Defense Authorization Act, Public Law 115-91. It describes China's expansion by a range of means, including military access and engagement; the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) and Digital Silk Road initiatives; technology acquisition; and a growing economic footprint; with a focus on areas of military expertise.

The Chinese Communist Party's foreign policy reflects its strategic objectives. The U.S. National Security Strategy states that China seeks to displace the United States in the Indo-Pacific region, expand the reaches of its state-driven economic model, and reorder the region in its favor as the preeminent

Administering
Database
21 Exam Ref 70-764 Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure, 1/e - Victor Isakov
Auteur : Victor Isakov
Genre : Outils pédagogiques
Prepare for Microsoft Exam 70-764—and help demonstrate your real-world mastery of skills for database administration. This exam is intended for database administrators charged with installation, maintenance, and configuration tasks. Their responsibilities also include setting up database systems, making sure those systems operate efficiently, and regularly storing, backing up, and securing data from unauthorized access.

Focus on the expertise measured by these objectives:

• Configure data access and auditing

• Manage backup and restore of databases

• Manage and monitor SQL Server instances

• Manage high availability and disaster recovery

This Microsoft Exam Ref:

• Organizes its coverage by exam objectives

• Features strategic, what-if scenarios to c

22 Walls - David Frye
Auteur : David Frye
Genre : Monde
“A lively popular history of an oft-overlooked element in the development of human society” (Library Journal)—walls—and a haunting and eye-opening saga that reveals a startling link between what we build and how we live.

With esteemed historian David Frye as our raconteur-guide in Walls, which Publishers Weekly praises as “informative, relevant, and thought-provoking,” we journey back to a time before barriers of brick and stone even existed—to an era in which nomadic tribes vied for scarce resources, and each man was bred to a life of struggle. Ultimately, those same men would create edifices of mud, brick, and stone, and with them effectively divide humanity: on one side were those the walls protected; on the other, those the walls kept out.

The stars of this narrative are the walls themselves—rising up in

Perfect
23 The Perfect Weapon - David E. Sanger
Auteur : David E. Sanger
Genre : Politique étrangère et relations internationales
“An important—and deeply sobering—new book about cyberwarfare” (Nicholas Kristof, New York Times), now updated with a new chapter.

The Perfect Weapon is the startling inside story of how the rise of cyberweapons transformed geopolitics like nothing since the invention of the atomic bomb. Cheap to acquire, easy to deny, and usable for a variety of malicious purposes, cyber is now the weapon of choice for democracies, dictators, and terrorists. Two presidents—Bush and Obama—drew first blood with Operation Olympic Games, which used malicious code to blow up Iran’s nuclear centrifuges, and yet America proved remarkably unprepared when its own weapons were stolen from its arsenal and, during President Trump’s first year, turned back on the United States and its allies. And if Obama would begin his presidency by helping to launch the new era

Generation
Sociopaths
24 A Generation of Sociopaths - Bruce Cannon Gibney
Auteur : Bruce Cannon Gibney
Genre : Science politique
In his "remarkable" (Men's Journal) and "controversial" (Fortune) book -- written in a "wry, amusing style" (The Guardian) -- Bruce Cannon Gibney shows how America was hijacked by the Boomers, a generation whose reckless self-indulgence degraded the foundations of American prosperity. In A Generation of Sociopaths, Gibney examines the disastrous policies of the most powerful generation in modern history, showing how the Boomers ruthlessly enriched themselves at the expense of future generations.

Acting without empathy, prudence, or respect for facts--acting, in other words, as sociopaths--the Boomers turned American dynamism into stagnation, inequality, and bipartisan fiasco. The Boomers have set a time bomb for the 2030s, when damage to Social Security, public finances, and the environment will become catastrophic and possibly irreversible--and when, not coincidentally, Boom

Billion
Shoppers
25 Six Billion Shoppers - Porter Erisman
Auteur : Porter Erisman
Genre : Secteurs et professions
Six Billion Shoppers takes readers on an exciting and colourful journey around the world to visit the next e-commerce mega markets and explore how a new e-commerce boom is opening opportunities for entrepreneurs and global brands alike.

From China to India to Nigeria, e-commerce is entering a golden era in countries that were long left out of the e-commerce gold rush experienced in the West. If the story of the first twenty years of e-commerce’s growth was set in developed markets, the story of the next twenty years will be set in emerging ones. The rise of e-commerce in emerging markets is being driven by three major trends: widespread internet adoption, a rising middle class, and, most importantly, innovative new business models that serve the needs of local customers better than the models used by western e-commerce giants.

Travelling through Nig

Municipalists
26 The Municipalists - Seth Fried
Auteur : Seth Fried
Genre : Aventure
A novel about an unlikely pair of lonely outsiders--one human, one AI--on an adventure to save the great American city of Metropolis written by "one of the most exciting new voices in fiction" (Charles Yu)

*Named one of the best books of the month by Library Journal ("Debut of the Month"), The Verge, io9, Amazon Books, Book of the Month Club, Vol. 1 Brooklyn, NYLON, and Tor.com*


In Metropolis, the gleaming city of tomorrow, the dream of the great American city has been achieved. But all that is about to change, unless a neurotic, rule-following bureaucrat and an irreverent, freewheeling artificial intelligence can save the city from a mysterious terrorist plot that threatens its very existence.

H

Security
Networks
Services
Connected
27 Security of Networks and Services in an All-Connected World - Daphne Tuncer, Robert Koch, Rémi Badonnel & Burkhard Stiller
Auteur : Daphne Tuncer, Robert Koch, Rémi Badonnel & Burkhard Stiller
Genre : Réseau
​This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th IFIP WG 6.6 International Conference on Autonomous Infrastructure, Management, and Security, AIMS 2017, held in Zurich, Switzerland, in July 2017.
The 8 full papers presented together with 11 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 24 submissions.  The papers are organized in the following topical sections: security management; management of cloud environments and services, evaluation and experimental study of rich network services; security, intrusion detection, and configuration; autonomic and self-management solutions; and methods for the protection of infrastructure.

Palaces
28 Palaces for the People - Eric Klinenberg
Auteur : Eric Klinenberg
Genre : Sociologie
How can we bring people together?

Sociologist and best-selling author Eric Klinenberg introduces a transformative and powerfully uplifting new idea for health, happiness, safety and healing our divided, unequal society.

'This wonderful book shows us how democracies thrive' Steven Levitsky & Daniel Ziblatt, authors of How Democracies Die

Too often we take for granted and neglect our libraries, parks, markets, schools, playgrounds, gardens and communal spaces, but decades of research now shows that these places can have an extraordinary effect on our personal and collective wellbeing. Why? Because wherever people cross paths and linger, wherever we gather informally, strike up a conversation and get to know one another, relationships blossom and communities emerge – and where communities are strong, people are safe

29 eIoT - Steffi O. Muhanji, Alison E. Flint & Amro M. Farid
Auteur : Steffi O. Muhanji, Alison E. Flint & Amro M. Farid
Genre : Ressources pour la production d'énergie
This open access book explores the collision between the sustainable energy transition and the Internet of Things (IoT). In that regard, this book’s arrival is timely. Not only is the Internet of Things for energy applications, herein called the energy Internet of Things (eIoT), rapidly developing but also the transition towards sustainable energy to abate global climate is very much at the forefront of public discourse. It is within the context of these two dynamic thrusts, digitization and global climate change, that the energy industry sees itself undergoing significant change in how it is operated and managed. This book recognizes that they impose five fundamental energy management change drivers: 1.) the growing demand for electricity, 2.) the emergence of renewable energy resources, 3.) the emergence of electrified transportation, 4.) the deregulation of electric power markets, 5

Poisoned
30 The Poisoned City - Anna Clark
Auteur : Anna Clark
Genre : Administration publique
When the people of Flint, Michigan, turned on their faucets in April 2014, the water pouring out was poisoned with lead and other toxins.

Through a series of disastrous decisions, the state government had switched the city’s water supply to a source that corroded Flint’s aging lead pipes. Complaints about the foul-smelling water were dismissed: the residents of Flint, mostly poor and African American, were not seen as credible, even in matters of their own lives.

It took eighteen months of activism by city residents and a band of dogged outsiders to force the state to admit that the water was poisonous. By that time, twelve people had died and Flint’s children had suffered irreparable harm. The long battle for accountability and a humane response to this man-made disaster has only just begun.

In the first full account of this American traged

31 Tubes - Andrew Blum
Auteur : Andrew Blum
Genre : Internet
An engaging, narrative tour behind the scenes of our everyday lives to see the dark beating heart of the Internet itself.

We are all connected now. But connected to what, exactly? In Tubes, journalist Andrew Blum takes readers on a fascinating journey to find out.

When former Senator Ted Stevens of Alaska famously described the Internet as “a series of tubes,” he seemed hopelessly, foolishly trapped in an old way of knowing the world. But he wasn’t wrong. After all, as Blum writes, the Internet exists: for all the talk of the “placelessness” of our digital age, the Internet is as fixed in real, physical places as any railroad or telephone ever was. It fills enormous buildings, converges in some places and avoids others, and it flows through tubes under ground, up in the air, and under the oceans all over the world. You can map it, you can smell it,

Achieving
Performance
Federal
Facilities
32 Achieving High-Performance Federal Facilities - Committee on High-Performance Green Federal Buildings: Strategies and Approaches for Meeting Federal Objectives, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Auteur : Committee on High-Performance Green Federal Buildings: Strategies and Approaches for Meeting Federal Objectives, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Genre : Ingénierie
The design, construction, operation, and retrofit of buildings is evolving in response to ever-increasing knowledge about the impact of indoor environments on people and the impact of buildings on the environment. Research has shown that the quality of indoor environments can affect the health, safety, and productivity of the people who occupy them. Buildings are also resource intensive, accounting for 40 percent of primary energy use in the United States, 12 percent of water consumption, and 60 percent of all non-industrial waste. The processes for producing electricity at power plants and delivering it for use in buildings account for 40 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions.
The U.S. federal government manages approximately 429,000 buildings of many types with a total square footage of 3.34 billion worldwide, of which about 80 percent is owned space. More than 30 individual d

Processes
Advanced
Manufacturing
33 Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing - Maureen Mellody, Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure Standing Committee, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Auteur : Maureen Mellody, Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure Standing Committee, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Genre : Ingénierie
The Standing Committee on Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure (the DMMI standing committee) of the National Materials and Manufacturing Board of the National Research Council (NRC) held a workshop on December 5 and 6, 2012, to discuss new and novel processes in industrial modernization. The participants of the workshop provided their individual opinions but no recommendations were developed as a result of the workshop. The workshop focused on Additive manufacturing, electromagnetic field manipulation of materials, and design of materials.
 
Additive manufacturing is the process of making three-dimensional objects from a digital description or file. The workshop addresses different aspects of additive manufacturing including surface finish and access to manufacturing capabilities and resources. Electromagnetic field manipulation of materials is the use of

Advancing
Workforce
Department
Homeland
Security
34 Advancing Workforce Health at the Department of Homeland Security - Committee on Department of Homeland Security Occupational Health and Operational Medicine Infrastructure, Board on Health Sciences Policy & Institute of Medicine
Auteur : Committee on Department of Homeland Security Occupational Health and Operational Medicine Infrastructure, Board on Health Sciences Policy & Institute of Medicine
Genre : Forme et santé
The more than 200,000 men and women that make up the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) workforce have been entrusted with the ultimate responsibility - ensuring that the homeland is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards. Every day, these dedicated individuals take on the critical and often dangerous challenges of the DHS mission: countering terrorism and enhancing national security, securing and managing the nation's borders, enforcing and administering U.S. immigration laws, protecting cyber networks and critical infrastructure, and ensuring resilience in the face of disasters. In return, DHS is responsible for protecting the health, safety, and resilience of those on whom it relies to achieve this mission, as well as ensuring effective management of the medical needs of persons who, in the course of mission execution, come into DHS care or custody.
S

Materials
Manufacturing
Capabilities
Sustaining
Defense
Systems
35 Materials and Manufacturing Capabilities for Sustaining Defense Systems - Robert J. Katt, Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure Standing Committee, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Auteur : Robert J. Katt, Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure Standing Committee, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Genre : Ingénierie
The Standing Committee on Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure (DMMI) conducted a workshop on July 23-24, 2012, to share information and gather perspectives on issues concerning Materials and Manufacturing Capabilities for Sustaining Defense Systems. This workshop, held at the headquarters building of the National Academies, 2101 Constitution Avenue N.W., Washington D.C., was conducted according to the procedures of the National Research Council (NRC) for a convening activity. That is, all workshop participants—including presenters, members of the DMMI standing committee, Reliance 21, invited guests, and visitors—spoke as individuals, and no overall findings, conclusions, or recommendations were developed during or as a result of the workshop. All statements and views summarized in this publication are attributable only to those individuals who expressed them. It is wor

Efficiency
Standards
Building
Certification
Systems
Department
Defense
Military
Construction
Renovations
36 Energy-Efficiency Standards and Green Building Certification Systems Used by the Department of Defense for Military Construction and Major Renovations - Committee to Evaluate Energy-Efficiency and Sustainability Standards Used by the Department of Defense for Military Construction and Repair, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Auteur : Committee to Evaluate Energy-Efficiency and Sustainability Standards Used by the Department of Defense for Military Construction and Repair, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences & National Research Council
Genre : Ingénierie
Congress has an ongoing interest in ensuring that the 500,000 buildings and other structures owned and operated by the Department of Defense (DOD) are operated effectively in terms of cost and resource use. Section 2830 of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year requires the Secretary of Defense to submit a report to the congressional defense committees on the energy-efficiency and sustainability standards used by DOD for military construction and major renovations of buildings.
DOD's report must include a cost-benefit analysis, return on investment, and long-term payback for the building standards and green building certification systems, including:
(A) American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 189.1-2011 for the Design of High-Performance, Green Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential.
(B) ASHRAE Energy St

Aerospace
Aerospace
Engineering
Disciplines
Department
Defense
37 Review of the Future of the U.S. Aerospace Infrastructure and Aerospace Engineering Disciplines to Meet the Needs of the Air Force and the Department of Defense - Committee on the Future of the U.S. Aerospace Infrastructure and Aerospace Engineering Disciplines to Meet the Needs of the Air Force and the Department of Defense
Auteur : Committee on the Future of the U.S. Aerospace Infrastructure and Aerospace Engineering Disciplines to Meet the Needs of the Air Force and the Department of Defense
Genre : Ingénierie
The Principal Deputy to the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition requested that the National Research Council (NRC) review the Air Force's planned acquisition programs to determine if, given its scale, the highly talented scientific, technical, and engineering personnel base could be maintained, to identify issues affecting the engineering and science work force, and to identify issues affecting the aerospace industry's leadership in technology development, innovation, and product quality, as well as its ability to support Air Force missions.

Linking
Construction
Industry
38 Linking the Construction Industry - Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment
Auteur : Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment
Genre : Ingénierie
Public agencies, private corporations, nonprofit institutions, and other organizations regularly invest millions of dollars in acquiring buildings and other constructed facilities to support their lines of business. For this investment, the owner receives a complex structure composed of hundreds of separate but interrelated components, including roofs, walls, foundations, electrical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning, ventilation, fire, communication, safety, and architectural systems. These components and systems must all be maintained and repaired to optimize the facility's performance throughout its service life and to provide a safe, healthy, and productive environment for its users and occupants.
Linking the Construction Industry: Electronic Operation and Maintenance Manuals is a summary of a workshop that was held at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C., on

Improving
Analyze
Nutrition
Policies
39 Improving Data to Analyze Food and Nutrition Policies - Panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs, Research, and Decision Making
Auteur : Panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs, Research, and Decision Making
Genre : Médecine
Several changes in the United States over the past two decades have implications for diet, nutrition, and food safety, including patterns of food consumption that have produced an increase in overweight and obese Americans and threats to food safety from pathogens and bioterrorism. The changes raise a number of critical policy and research questions: How do differences in food prices and availability or in households' time resources for shopping and food preparation affect what people consume and where they eat? How do factors outside of the household, such as the availability of stores and restaurants, food preparation technology, and food marketing and labeling policies, affect what people are consuming? What effects have food assistance programs had on the nutritional quality of diets and the health of those served by the programs? Where do people buy and consume food and how does foo

Nonconventional
Concrete
Technologies
40 Nonconventional Concrete Technologies - Committee on Nonconventional Concrete Technologies for Renewal of the Highway Infrastructure
Auteur : Committee on Nonconventional Concrete Technologies for Renewal of the Highway Infrastructure
Genre : Ingénierie
Nonconvential Concrete Technologies: Renewal of the Highway Infrastructure identifies research and development opportunities in innovative, nonconventional materials and processes that have the potential to accelerate the construction process, improve the durability of highway pavement and bridges, and enhance the serviceability and longevity of new construction under adverse conditions.

Managing
Construction
Century
Reclamation
41 Managing Construction and Infrastructure in the 21st Century Bureau of Reclamation - Committee on Organizing to Manage Construction and Infrastructure in the 21st Century Bureau of Reclamation
Auteur : Committee on Organizing to Manage Construction and Infrastructure in the 21st Century Bureau of Reclamation
Genre : Transport
In the more than 100 years since its formation, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation of the Department of Interior (DOI), through its construction program, has brought water, electric power, and recreation facilities to millions of people in the Western United States. With major water and power systems in place, the Bureau’s attention has now turned to operation, maintenance, repair, and modernization of those facilities in an environmentally and economically sound manner. To help with this effort, DOI asked the NRC to advise the Bureau on “appropriate organizational, management, and resource configurations to meet its construction, maintenance, and infrastructure requirements for its missions of the 21st century.” This report presents an assessment of the requirements facing the Bureau in the 21st century, an analysis of good practices and techniques for addressing those challenges, and

42 For the Record - Committee on Maintaining Privacy and Security in Health Care Applications of the National Information Infrastructure
Auteur : Committee on Maintaining Privacy and Security in Health Care Applications of the National Information Infrastructure
Genre : Médecine
When you visit the doctor, information about you may be recorded in an office computer. Your tests may be sent to a laboratory or consulting physician. Relevant information may be transmitted to your health insurer or pharmacy. Your data may be collected by the state government or by an organization that accredits health care or studies medical costs. By making information more readily available to those who need it, greater use of computerized health information can help improve the quality of health care and reduce its costs. Yet health care organizations must find ways to ensure that electronic health information is not improperly divulged. Patient privacy has been an issue since the oath of Hippocrates first called on physicians to "keep silence" on patient matters, and with highly sensitive data--genetic information, HIV test results, psychiatric records--entering patient records, c

Directions
Advanced
Computing
Support
Science
Engineering
43 Future Directions for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure to Support U.S. Science and Engineering in 2017-2020 - Committee on Future Directions for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure to Support U.S. Science in 2017-2020
Auteur : Committee on Future Directions for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure to Support U.S. Science in 2017-2020
Genre : Ordinateurs
Advanced computing capabilities are used to tackle a rapidly growing range of challenging science and engineering problems, many of which are compute- and data-intensive as well. Demand for advanced computing has been growing for all types and capabilities of systems, from large numbers of single commodity nodes to jobs requiring thousands of cores; for systems with fast interconnects; for systems with excellent data handling and management; and for an increasingly diverse set of applications that includes data analytics as well as modeling and simulation. Since the advent of its supercomputing centers, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has provided its researchers with state-of-the-art computing systems. The growth of new models of computing, including cloud computing and publically available by privately held data repositories, opens up new possibilities for NSF. In order to better

Sustainable
Critical
Systems
44 Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems - Toward Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: Framing the Challenges Workshop Committee
Auteur : Toward Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems: Framing the Challenges Workshop Committee
Genre : Ingénierie
For the people of the United States, the 20th century was one of unprecedented population growth, economic development, and improved quality of life.  The critical infrastructure systems-water, wastewater, power, transportation, and telecommunications-built in the 20th century have become so much a part of modern life that they are taken for granted. By 2030, 60 million more Americans will expect these systems to deliver essential services.

Large segments and components of the nation's critical infrastructure systems are now 50 to 100 years old, and their performance and condition are deteriorating. Improvements are clearly necessary. However, approaching infrastructure renewal by continuing to use the same processes, practices, technologies, and materials that were developed in the 20th century will likely yield the same results: increasing instances of service disrupti

Successful
Response
45 Successful Response Starts with a Map - Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure
Auteur : Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure
Genre : Nature
In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself.

Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disast

Critical
Research
Societal
46 Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030 - Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for U.S. Ocean Research in 2030
Auteur : Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for U.S. Ocean Research in 2030
Genre : Sciences de la Terre
The United States has jurisdiction over 3.4 million square miles of ocean in its exclusive economic zone, a size exceeding the combined land area of the 50 states. This expansive marine area represents a prime national domain for activities such as maritime transportation, national security, energy and mineral extraction, fisheries and aquaculture, and tourism and recreation. However, it also carries with it the threat of damaging and outbreaks of waterborne pathogens. The 2010 Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill and the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami are vivid reminders that ocean activities and processes have direct human implications both nationally and worldwide, understanding of the ocean system is still incomplete, and ocean research infrastructure is needed to support both fundamental research and societal priorities.
Given current struggles to maintain,

Changing
Telecommunications
Information
47 The Changing Nature of Telecommunications/Information Infrastructure - Steering Committee on the Changing Nature of Telecommunications/Information Infrastructure
Auteur : Steering Committee on the Changing Nature of Telecommunications/Information Infrastructure
Genre : Internet
Advancement of telecommunications and information infrastructure occurs largely through private investment. The government affects the rate and direction of this progress through regulation and public investment. This book presents a range of positions and perspectives on those two classes of policy mechanism, providing a succinct analysis followed by papers prepared by experts in telecommunications policy and applications.

Research
Methods
Simulate
Accelerated
Materials
48 Research Agenda for Test Methods and Models to Simulate the Accelerated Aging of Infrastructure Materials - Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment
Auteur : Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment
Genre : Ingénierie
In the next several decades, a significant percentage of the country's transportation, communications, environmental, and power system infrastructures, as well as public buildings and facilities, will have to be renewed or replaced. Next-generation infrastructure will have to meet very high expectations in terms of durability, constructability, performance, and life-cycle cost. One way of meeting future expectations will be through improved, high-performance materials, but before new materials can be confidently deployed in the field, a thorough and comprehensive understanding must be developed of their long-term performance in a variety of applications and physical environments. The National Science Foundation (NSF) has launched an initiative to promote the development of innovative short-term laboratory or in-situ tests for making accurate, reliable predictions of the long-term perform

Precise
Geodetic
49 Precise Geodetic Infrastructure - Committee on the National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure
Auteur : Committee on the National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure
Genre : Physique
Geodesy is the science of accurately measuring and understanding three fundamental properties of Earth: its geometric shape, its orientation in space, and its gravity field, as well as the changes of these properties with time. Over the past half century, the United States, in cooperation with international partners, has led the development of geodetic techniques and instrumentation. Geodetic observing systems provide a significant benefit to society in a wide array of military, research, civil, and commercial areas, including sea level change monitoring, autonomous navigation, tighter low flying routes for strategic aircraft, precision agriculture, civil surveying, earthquake monitoring, forest structural mapping and biomass estimation, and improved floodplain mapping.

Recognizing the growing reliance of a wide range of scientific and societal endeavors on infrastructu

Digital
Dilemma
50 The Digital Dilemma - Committee on Intellectual Property Rights in the Emerging Information Infrastructure
Auteur : Committee on Intellectual Property Rights in the Emerging Information Infrastructure
Genre : Droit
Imagine sending a magazine article to 10 friends-making photocopies, putting them in envelopes, adding postage, and mailing them. Now consider how much easier it is to send that article to those 10 friends as an attachment to e-mail. Or to post the article on your own site on the World Wide Web.

The ease of modifying or copying digitized material and the proliferation of computer networking have raised fundamental questions about copyright and patent--intellectual property protections rooted in the U.S. Constitution. Hailed for quick and convenient access to a world of material, the Internet also poses serious economic issues for those who create and market that material. If people can so easily send music on the Internet for free, for example, who will pay for music?

This book presents the multiple facets of digitized intellectual property, defining terms, identi
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