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Environment
Changements
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Analysis
Internet
Collaborative
Knowledge
Critical
Digital
Autonomy
Regional
Approaches
Planning
Protected
Conservation
Environmental
Extension
Promoting
Ecological
Citizenship
Viewpoint
Walking
Akwesasne
Science
Project
Colliding
Transportation
Inequity
Unsustainability
Ecologie
Humaine
Developpement
Durable
Dialectique
Ecosystemes
Systemes
Sociaux
Management
Ontario
Watershed
Conservation
Perspective
Motivations
Training
Supervision
Volunteers
Conservation
Research
Barriers
Development
Sustainable
Management
Residential
Consumption
Greenhouse
Emissions
Context
Extreme
Suggestions
Effective
Consultation
Conservation
Planning
Security
Traditional
Contemporary
Community
Experience
Strategies
Sustainable
Residential
Planning
Interest
Evaluation
Society
Participation
Collaborative
Planning
British
Columbia
Designing
Healthy
Planning
Citizen
Initiated
Planning
Watershed
Example
Heritage
Evolving
Industry
Toronto
Assessment
Countryside
Planning
Ontario
Changing
Perspectives
Domination
Alienation
Integration
Environment
Relations
Applied
Niagara
Alternative
Tourism
Indigenous
Peoples
Environment
Sagarmatha
Everest
National
Community
Development
Approach
Environment
Management
Gouverner
Toxique
Fallacy
Environmental
Studies
Critiques
Canadian
Interdisciplinary
Programs
Planning
Nineties
Lessons
Empirical
Landscape
Challenging
Knowledge
Learning
Perspectives
Participation
Environmental
Management
Planning
Obligation
Ecological
Citizenship
Reflections
Developments
Watershed
Management
Ontario
Implications
Natural
Management
Heritage
Ontario
Symposium
Heritage
Ontario
Industrial
Boomerang
Stewardship
International
Perspective
Evidence
Adaptation
Japanese
Automobile
Evolution
Natural
Policies
Regional
Municipality
Waterloo
Borderlands
Ecosystem
Management
Prospects
Premium
Electricity
Waterloo
Ontario
Effects
Amenity
Migration
Municipality
Whistler
Surrounding
Environs
Evolution
Streets
Squares
Prairie
Regional
Management
Program
Yellowstone
National
Planning
British
Columbia
Integrated
Approach
Practice
Collaborative
Planning
Resource
Environmental
Management
Environmental
Initiatives
Japanese
Automakers
Technology
Recycling
Lifecycle
Approaches
Designing
Healthy
Planning
Clinical
Decision
Lessons
Cascades
International
Résultats pour

Environments

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1 Loué sois-tu - Pape François
Auteur : Pape François
Genre : Religion et spiritualité
Une vibrante exhortation à la préservation de notre environnement.

Ce texte dépasse le cercle des fidèles ; sa portée universelle et le charisme de son auteur en font une contribution majeure aux débats sur l'écologie, souvent marqués par les intérêts économiques et politiques des débateurs.

La lutte pour « la sauvegarde de la maison commune » mérite plus d'objectivité et la capacité à fédérer le plus grand nombre de personnes. C'est pourquoi UPblisher souhaite diffuser et faire connaître Laudato Si', sous forme de livre numérique gratuit, comme la Librairie Vaticane l'y autorise.

Laudato Si' reprend l'invocation qui rythme le « Cantique des Créatures » de Saint-François d'Assise (1181-1226). Ode à la nature, ce chant célèbre le Feu, l'Eau, l'Air et la Terre comme frères et sœurs des êtres humains et no

Gratuit

Environment
2 Environment! - Teymur Roshdi
Auteur : Teymur Roshdi
Genre : Science de la vie
Some idea about our planet earth... --------------------

Gratuit

Changements
Climatiques
Croissance
Developpement
3 Gérer les changements climatiques. Climat, croissance, développement et équité - Nicholas Stern
Auteur : Nicholas Stern
Genre : Environnement
Le changement climatique est source d’immenses défis pour toute analyse éthique, économique et politique. Nous connaissons l’ampleur de l’action requise et les domaines dans lesquels il faut agir : efficacité énergétique, technologies sobres en carbone, déforestation. Nous avons une idée des technologies à développer. Nous comprenons bien les politiques économiques élémentaires qui incitent à la réduction des émissions, à l’arrêt de la déforestation et à la promotion d’un usage plus raisonné de notre environnement naturel et de ses ressources. Le défi consiste aujourd’hui à insuffler la volonté politique d’accomplir tous ces changements.

4,99 €

Analysis
Internet
Collaborative
Knowledge
Critical
Digital
Autonomy
4 Get Smart Fast: An analysis of Internet based collaborative knowledge environments for critical digital media autonomy - Joe Tojek
Auteur : Joe Tojek
Genre : Éducation
The results of this study include: 1) An important knowledge framework with examples and questions for users of online systems to examine critical implications of their participation in the medium.

2) Design considerations that support the goals of democratic education in the functional design of emerging online learning environments on the Internet.

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Regional
Approaches
Planning
Protected
Conservation
5 Regional Approaches to Planning for Protected Areas and Conservation. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The perceived roles of protected areas have evolved over time, and now include conservation of biodiversity, enhancing quality of human life and playing a key role in sustainability. In this context setting aside individual parks, the traditional approach, is limited for a number of reasons. In brief, protected areas are often too small, too isolated and too fragmented to protect the values for which they were originally designated. Regional and other newer approaches to planning are required if protected areas are to fulfill their potential.

2,99 €

Environmental
Extension
Promoting
Ecological
Citizenship
Viewpoint
6 Environmental Extension: Promoting Ecological Citizenship (Viewpoint Essay) - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract While acknowledging the importance of the discussion around ecological citizenship with regard to institutions, policies and social norms, in this paper I propose to focus on the individual, considering the capacities that need to be in place to promote pro-active environmental citizens. As an agronomist, concerned with the transformations of the environment through diverse farming processes, I am debating with the question of why people act the way they do toward the environment. From this perspective, the discussion of environmental ethics becomes pivotal. In this paper, I discuss ethics from an environmental pragmatism standpoint. This approach allows me to focus on the human relationship with non-human nature--important when considering farming--instead of focusing solely on an ideal state of nature. Environmental pragmatism acknowledges our unity with nature, pluralism,

2,99 €
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Colliding
Transportation
Inequity
Unsustainability
8 Colliding Modes of Transportation: Issues of Inequity and Unsustainability. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Decisions about how we transport ourselves are considered a matter of personal choice and in North America, the majority "choose" the private automobile. Yet, transportation infrastructure is a matter of public policy and greatly affects individual choice. After approximately 90 years of mass-production, the role of the car in the destruction of cities has been well established, as has the ecological unsustainability of its present (over)use. More recently, sociologists have identified that the automobile increases and entrenches social inequities. Consequently, this raises questions about the democratic and liberalizing qualities historically associated with the car. This paper examines the connections between social inequity and ecologically unsustainable auto-centered planning in Toronto, Ontario, a city in the process of re-inventing itself. Transportation alternatives that

2,99 €

Ecologie
Humaine
Developpement
Durable
Dialectique
Ecosystemes
Systemes
Sociaux
9 Ecologie Humaine Et Le Developpement Durable: La Dialectique Des Ecosystemes Et Des Systemes Sociaux. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
L'importance prise par la notion de developpement durable, depuis la parution du Rapport Brundtland (WCED, 1987), est bien connue. Des organismes internationaux, des instances gouvernementales de plusieurs pays occidentaux, des ONG, tout comme des chercheurs, des militants ecologistes ou des membres de groupes populaires souscrivent dorenavant a ce concept dont l'enonce contient a la fois une nouvelle vision du developpement, un projet de transformation geopolitique et socio-economique d'envergure planetaire et, en meme temps, une proposition de depassement des ideaux de la modernite. La certitude du progres et la conquete de l'emancipation individuelle sortent ebranlees de cette critique de la societe industrielle. L'objet de cet article est de situer la proposition du developpement durable au centre de deux problematiques: l'une touche la nature meme du concept, ses origines et sa p

2,99 €

Management
Ontario
Watershed
Conservation
Perspective
10 Flood Management on the Grand River, Ontario, Canada: A Watershed Conservation Perspective. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The Grand River forms one of the largest drainage basins in southwestern Ontario. Early European settlement of the basin during the 1800s focused on the Grand River and its tributaries as the nucleus for both urban and rural development. This development of the floodplain combined with deforestation and drainage of wetlands inevitably led to periodic flooding of these communities. This paper traces the development of flood management in the Grand River Basin beginning with the establishment of the Grand River Commission in 1938 and its successor, the Grand River Conservation Authority in 1946. The existing flood management system of the Grand River Conservation Authority is described in detail. Structural approaches in this system include dams and flood control reservoirs along with dykes and channelization works. Non-structural approaches include: floodplain management; watersh

2,99 €

Motivations
Training
Supervision
Volunteers
Conservation
Research
11 Motivations, Training and Supervision of Volunteers in Conservation (Research NOTE) - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Introduction Ecological monitoring is widely regarded as fundamental to the protection, utilization and management of the Earth's natural resources (Vaughan et al. 2001, Firbank et al. 2003, Spellerberg 2005). By its very nature, ecological monitoring is labour intensive and expensive, which has contributed to the need for volunteer involvement. In this age of budget constraints and reduced workforces, monitoring is made even more difficult and, in some cases, is not attempted. These factors have further increased the demand for volunteer involvement. Debate exists, however, over the use of volunteers (Greenwood 1994, Root and Alpert 1994, Engel and Voshell 2002). Some research shows that volunteers used in ecological monitoring are capable of producing results of a calibre similar to those of trained researchers (Reynoldson et al. 1986, Mumby et al. 1995, Darwall and Dulvy 1996, Evan

2,99 €

Barriers
Development
Sustainable
Management
12 Barriers to the Development of Sustainable Waste Management in New York City. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The need to develop sustainable waste management strategies and policies has become increasingly apparent as management, and in some cases mismanagement, of waste can be seen to have a recognisable impact on the global environment. This paper focuses on New York City, which is undergoing dynamic changes to its waste management infrastructure due to what could be regarded as an extreme decision to close the City's main waste management route. As the City prepares a comprehensive waste management plan incorporating new strategies in an attempt to manage its waste, this paper evaluates whether sustainable waste management could be achieved in New York City, or whether the radical changes required make an integrated approach unrealistic.

2,99 €

Residential
Consumption
Greenhouse
Emissions
Context
13 Residential Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Global Context for Local Action. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Despite the objectives stated in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have continued to rise. The residential sector is the second largest user of energy globally and was the sector with the fastest growing energy consumption in OECD countries during the early 1990s. The rate of growth would have been even faster without improved energy efficiency. The paper highlights the large-scale energy consumption and GHG emissions from the residential sector at the global, international and Canadian levels. Even when the Canadian residential sector is forecast to reduce its direct energy consumption through improved building and appliance standards, overall residential energy consumption is expected to continue to rise because of growing indirect demand for electricity to power a broader array of electronic

2,99 €

Extreme
14 Extreme Environments - Richard Allaway & Alan Parkinson
Auteur : Richard Allaway & Alan Parkinson
Genre : Éducation
The aim of this eBook is to help facilitate revision and synthesis of the Extreme Environments optional theme of the IB Diploma Programme Geography course.

Gratuit

Suggestions
Effective
Consultation
Conservation
15 Suggestions to Foster Effective Consultation Within Conservation (Ideas) - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract This article offers suggestions to improve the efficacy of consultative processes within conservation. The philosophical grounding for this paper is bio-cultural conservation, a geographical and deep ecological position that holds that the unit of conservation must be landscapes, understood as concrete manifestations in time and space of on-going and interrelated ecological processes including both human and non-human actors. Based on experiences and research in Canada, Inner Asia, and Ecuador, the article provides suggestions within four themes: 1) the purpose of the consultative group; 2) the nature and types of group membership; 3) the decision-making procedures within the group; and 4) the impact of location on group decisions. I conclude that the practical and theoretical resources necessary to undertake successful consultative processes producing ecological integrity and s

2,99 €

Planning
Security
Traditional
Contemporary
Community
Experience
16 Planning for Security of Space in the Traditional and Contemporary Community: The Experience of Saudi Arabia. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Introduction Historically, the issue of security for residents and their property often had a decisive impact on the built form of the traditional settlements of the Arabian Peninsula due to the constant threat of tribal raids among its inhabitants. The rise of the third house of the Saud dynasty in 1932 brought the birth of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the abandonment of tribal raiding. As a consequence, the urban system began to be reorganized. A number of new neighborhoods with urban characteristics different from those of the traditional ones were planned beyond settlement walls, although planning of residential quarters in this transitional period applied design principles which did not deviate much from the traditional. The same building techniques were used, but the streets were much wider and straight; however the semi-private spaces of the housing clusters and the private spa

2,99 €

Strategies
Sustainable
Residential
17 Strategies for a Softer, More Sustainable, Residential Energy Path. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The purpose of this article is to contribute to the discussion about how a community's energy future could be made more sustainable. To increase residential energy efficiency and to move residential energy supply from less- to more-sustainable sources, a range of representative strategies is investigated. They are: stronger regulations, financial incentives, home energy rating systems, renewable portfolio standards, solar pioneers, disclosure labels and systems benefits charges. For each, the respective strategy is introduced and its basic operation is described. Its past and present implementation is then reviewed. The extent to which the respective strategy has already been followed in Ontario is also considered, and speculation upon how it would operate in this province offered. The results of a public survey conducted in Waterloo Region, Ontario (n=527) are then presented to

2,99 €

Planning
Interest
Evaluation
Society
Participation
Collaborative
Planning
British
Columbia
18 Planning in the Public Interest: An Evaluation of Civil Society Participation in Collaborative Land Use Planning in British Columbia. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract This paper assesses civil society participation in collaborative planning by completing a comprehensive survey of participants in a collaborative land use planning process in British Columbia, Canada. Participant responses are assessed against 25 evaluative criteria to determine strengths and weaknesses of collaborative processes for civil society stakeholders. The results show that the greatest barriers for civil society stakeholders are commitments of time and financial resources that are required for effective participation, and the power imbalances that exist among stakeholders. Despite these and other barriers faced by less empowered stakeholders, the research suggests that involvement in collaborative planning is an effective strategy for civil society provided that the limitations of the process are understood and participants prepare themselves accordingly.

2,99 €

Designing
Healthy
Planning
19 Designing Healthy Places: Land Use Planning and Public Health (Report) - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Health systems everywhere are currently struggling with the burden of 21st century public health problems, most notably chronic disease and injuries. In light of growing concerns about the sustainability of the health care system, interest has been growing in exploring how different types of urban design can promote health and influence the prevention of population-level factors that contribute to disease and injury. The evidence demonstrates that there is an association between land use planning and the health of populations. The most researched area to date for connecting land use planning and public health is the impact of urban design on levels of physical activity. Low density suburban neighbourhoods contribute significantly to physical inactivity. The design of these neighbourhoods and their distance from daily destinations (groceries, services) typically requires a hig

2,99 €

Citizen
Initiated
Planning
Watershed
Example
20 Citizen Initiated River Basin Planning: The Salmon (River) Watershed Example. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
J.C. Day Introduction

2,99 €

Heritage
Evolving
Industry
Toronto
21 Heritage and the Evolving City: The Lesson of Old Industry in Toronto. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
A considerable body of argument now suggests that change in our physical surroundings should be accomplished gradually ... that our environment should evolve rather than be "renewed". (1) Over the whole area of a city evolutionary change is almost inevitable because the forces of redevelopment do not yet operate at this scale, but whole-block or multi-block development has become commonplace. Even in times of recession, when the pressure for change is greatly reduced, there is a tendency to demolish old structures for various reasons including reducing tax and insurance burdens, eliminating security problems, or simply "tidying up" an area. (2) The present scale of normal city development and the variety of pressures to demolish are combined in more affluent times with a strong tradition of "progress" which has always equated newness with improvement. (3) The result is wholesale change -

2,99 €

Assessment
Countryside
Planning
Ontario
22 Assessment of Farm Plans and Countryside Planning in Ontario. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Traditionally, farmers have taken on a role of land stewards, and indeed, most farmers are concerned about the state of the environment on their farms. However, the ability of farmers to carry out traditional stewardship roles is being challenged as farm management decisions increasingly focus more on the short-term economic survival of the farm than the long-term maintenance of the farm's environmental resources (Hilts, 1993; Sparrow, 1984; Troughton, 1985; 1991). In the Twentieth Century, an over-riding emphasis has been placed on maximum agricultural production. Very often this has taken place at the expense of protecting and conserving the soil and water resources upon which agriculture is inherently dependent. In effect, an agricultural dilemma has been created wherein prevailing agricultural practices jeopardize the long-term ability of the environment to continue supporting agricu

2,99 €

Changing
Perspectives
23 Bombay to Mumbai: Changing Perspectives. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Pauline Rohatgi, Pheroza Godrej and Rahul Mehrotra, eds. Mumbai, India: Marg Publications. 1997. ISBN: 97-900351331 pp. US$98.00 Review Article by Anupam Banerji, Professor of Architecture and Planning, University of Waterloo, Canada.

2,99 €

Domination
Alienation
Integration
Environment
Relations
Applied
Niagara
24 Domination, Alienation, Integration: Three Models of Human-Environment Relations Applied to Land Use in Niagara. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract This paper develops three models of the environment called Domination, Alienation, and Integration that become useful for interpreting the evolving relationship between humans and the rest of nature as presented in related literature, research, and policy. Implications of these three models are discussed for issues concerning ecological unsustainability and social inequity. Finally, an environmental research and community project, concerning land use in the Niagara Region of Ontario, provides a useful example that illustrates movement from a process of domination and alienation toward integration.

2,99 €

25 Deep Work - Cal Newport
Auteur : Cal Newport
Genre : Entreprise et management
One of the most valuable skills in our economy is becoming increasingly rare. If you master this skill, you'll achieve extraordinary results.

Deep Work is an indispensable guide to anyone seeking focused success in a distracted world.

'Deep work' is the ability to focus without distraction on a cognitively demanding task. Coined by author and professor Cal Newport on his popular blog Study Hacks, deep work will make you better at what you do, let you achieve more in less time and provide the sense of true fulfilment that comes from the mastery of a skill. In short, deep work is like a superpower in our increasingly competitive economy.

And yet most people, whether knowledge workers in noisy open-plan offices or creatives struggling to sharpen their vision, have lost the ability to go deep - spending their days instead in a frantic blu

8,99 €

Alternative
Tourism
Indigenous
Peoples
Environment
Sagarmatha
Everest
National
26 Alternative Tourism, Indigenous Peoples, And Environment: The Case of Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park, Nepal. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Given projected trends, international tourism will be the world's largest industry by the year 2000 (World Tourism Organization, 1992). With a combined annual growth rate estimated at 20% to 27%, alternative models of tourism are the fastest growing segment of the international tourism industry (Lindberg, 1994; Passoff, 1991). Common to all types of alternative tourism - which include ecotourism (Boo, 1992), nature travel (Durst and Ingram, 1988), ethnic tourism (McKean, 1989), and adventure travel (Kutay, 1990; Zurich, 1992) - is the tourist's desire for a participatory experience in a distinct and often remote natural and/or cultural environment beyond the boundaries of established mass tourist destinations. It is many of the lesser developed countries that have the natural and cultural attractions that are currently in popular demand by tourists from Western countries. Much of the gro

2,99 €

Community
Development
Approach
Environment
Management
27 Community Development Approach to Environment Management. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Community development is a process which emphasizes local knowledge, capacity building, local initiative, ownership, participation, education and action. It is a useful model upon which an approach to environmental management can be based. The Huron Stewardship Council, established under the auspices of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources' Private Land Resource Stewardship Program, uses a number of community development principles to ensure a community perspective on the development and implementation of an approach to environmental management. This paper explores the relationship between community development and its application in Ontario's Private Land Resource Stewardship Program, with special reference to the Huron Stewardship Council. The paper stresses the importance of community participation in the identification of environmental issues and in the development and

2,99 €

Gouverner
Toxique
28 Gouverner un monde toxique - Nathalie Jas & Soraya Boudia
Auteur : Nathalie Jas & Soraya Boudia
Genre : Environnement
Cet ouvrage retrace les transformations économiques et politiques qui, depuis 1945, ont conduit à cette généralisation de pollutions chimiques devenues aujourd’hui irréversibles, contribuant à façonner des environnements durablement dangereux pour les populations qui y vivent.

9,99 €

Fallacy
Environmental
Studies
Critiques
Canadian
Interdisciplinary
Programs
29 The Fallacy of Environmental Studies? Critiques of Canadian Interdisciplinary Programs. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
This essay examines the evolving trends in Canada's academic "environmental studies" programs as a means for questioning the nature of interdisciplinarity in curriculum and research. In bringing together a survey of forty-four English-language program websites, program documents and critical research on academic environmental education and interdisciplinarity, I highlight some significant patterns that echo the concerns John Livingston raised three decades ago about the narrowing of environmental thought in his seminal analysis The Fallacy of Wildlife Conservation. This is not to say the issues are exactly the same, for in the academic context of this essay the dominant concern is with the influence of disciplinary, multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary ways of coming to knowledge. A number of trends are highlighted that suggest environmental studies curricula can be challenged by the

2,99 €

Planning
Nineties
Lessons
30 Land Use Planning in the Nineties: CORE Lessons. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Introduction: The Sustainability Challenge The official British Columbia motto, "Splendour Without Diminishment", is an excellent definition of sustainability, and of the primary challenge facing us today in the management of our natural resources and environment. After more than a century of development, the province is now making the difficult but necessary transition to sustainable development.

2,99 €

Empirical
Landscape
31 Empirical Study of Feng-Shui in Landscape. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
The myriad ways of interpreting and evaluating a landscape are based upon varying notions of beauty, utility, and cultural meaning. The underlying view of nature is significant in shaping landscape values. Feng-shui, an ancient doctrine practiced in East Asia, is a traditional approach that is expressed in a distinct landscape. A modern outlook might dismiss it as superstitious and acceptance of its claims of achieved benefits, as a matter of faith. The paper argues that feng-shui contains folk wisdom on site suitability for human habitation and also satisfies psychological requirements. If feng-shui landscapes are examined from the scientific perspective of landscape assessment, their validity can be determined. What is feng-shui?

2,99 €

Challenging
Knowledge
Learning
Perspectives
Participation
Environmental
Management
Planning
32 Challenging Old Models of Knowledge and Learning: New Perspectives for Participation in Environmental Management and Planning. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract What one 'knows' is relative to and affected by one's values, assumptions and perspectives; in addition, learning and teaching occur in a social and cultural context. These tenets underpin the idea of relational or contextual knowledge, and challenge the conventional view of 'received knowledge' which involves deference to authority and reliance on 'expertise', a belief in knowledge (especially science) as a set of truths, and a view of education as authoritative explanation of these truths. Drawing on theoretical and conceptual work on ways of knowing and the nature of participation in environment and resource management, this paper explores notions of participation, knowledge and knowledge generation (including research), and expertise. Insights from a study of citizen perspectives on the Walkerton tragedy are used to highlight our shifting understanding of these ideas.

2,99 €

Obligation
Ecological
Citizenship
33 Obligation and Ecological Citizenship. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The debate on environmental and ecological citizenship provides an important opportunity to explore the relations between ethical and political discourses and how ideas of moral community and political community are articulated. Two options have emerged: 1) grounding citizenship in the application of a specific approach from environmental ethics to the normative conduct of politics; 2) drawing on conventional conceptions of the political community in order to establish ecological citizenship (squeezing the gap between 'law and justice'). This paper challenges both, considering how the elements articulated through 'modes of citizenship' regulate the production of meaning on entitlements and obligations and generate 'subject positions' in which individuals can invest their identities. Citizenship is an ethico-political space where the right, the good and the virtuous are subject t

2,99 €

Reflections
Developments
Watershed
Management
Ontario
Implications
Natural
Management
34 Reflections on Recent Developments in Watershed Management in Ontario and Their Implications for Natural Areas Management(1). - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract This paper considers recent developments that are relevant to watershed and natural areas management at two scales: internationally and in the province of Ontario. First, the paper describes the concept of sustainable development and watershed management. Literature from the Earth Summit in 1992, the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, and the 3rd World Water Forum in 2003 is used to establish a foundation to examine the concept and practice of watershed planning. Second, the paper outlines the evolution of watershed planning in Ontario between 1993 and 2003. Three documents are used to frame the recent evolution of watershed planning in Ontario and to consider the implications, including those for natural area management in Ontario. The paper concludes with observations about the implications of these developments and some future directions are described. The latte

2,99 €

Heritage
Ontario
Symposium
Heritage
Ontario
35 Heritage Estate in Canada and Ontario (Symposium on the Heritage Estate in Canada and Ontario). - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
The Symposium on the Heritage Estate in Canada and Ontario: History, Current State and Future Directions is the source of the papers in this volume. The symposium was held on November 7-10, 1994 at Waterloo to celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the Faculty of Environmental Studies of the University of Waterloo. The topic of heritage was in tune with the long term interests of the Faculty and the University's Heritage Resources Centre which organized the symposium. The underlying motivation was concern about the effects of government budget cuts, downsizing and re-organization, on the well-being of the Heritage Estate in Canada and Ontario. The federal and provincial governments have been rapidly reducing funding and staff for parks and protected areas, historic sites, and related cultural, recreational and environmental programs in the last several years.

2,99 €

Industrial
Boomerang
36 Cost of Industrial Sprawl: A Boomerang Effect. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
We have reprinted this paper from Environments Volume 25, Number 1 at the request of the author and in recognition of his concern that the omission of the equation on page 82 seriously damaged its efficacy. Introduction

2,99 €

Stewardship
International
Perspective
37 Stewardship: An International Perspective. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Introduction The term stewardship is well known to conservationists in North America familiar with the work of land trusts and the growing array of private and public-private land conservation initiatives. Perhaps less well known is that there is growing international interest in stewardship, which we define here as efforts to create, nurture and enable responsibility in landowners and resource users to manage and protect land and natural resources. In diverse corners of the world, conservationists are drawing on local traditions of stewardship to meet conservation challenges such as land re-privatization, declining public budgets for protected areas, and development pressures.

2,99 €

Evidence
Adaptation
Japanese
Automobile
38 Global, Local Or Hybrid?: Evidence of Adaptation Among Japanese Automobile Plants in Japan, The United States and Canada. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Research on the global automobile industry has both influenced, and been influenced by, the debate on the impact of globalization on the nation state and national institutions. Rather than assume that globalization operates in a uniform socio-economic environment, this paper examines how Japanese automobile manufacturers have departed from their home environment in Japan and adapted to North America in general, and the national socio-economic environments of Canada and the United States in particular. Instead of simply imposing structures from one country on another, we find that a two-way exchange of information, ideas and technology is established. Interviews were held with senior managers in automotive parts and vehicle assembly plants in Japan, the United States, Canada and Mexico. Investment patterns are uneven across the three countries. The production and supply systems u

2,99 €

Evolution
Natural
Policies
Regional
Municipality
Waterloo
39 Evolution of Natural Area Policies in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, 1973-2000 and Beyond. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The region of Waterloo has been a leader in the development of Natural Areas policies in urban areas and this leadership is briefly described in this paper in terms of relevant and evolving motivation, goals and objectives, designation criteria, scientific and civic involvement and other factors. The experience of Waterloo Region should be of value to planners, educators, politicians and citzens in it's own and other areas.

2,99 €

Borderlands
Ecosystem
Management
40 Malpai Borderlands Group: Ecosystem Management in Action. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Background The Malpai Borderlands Group, a small non-profit organization with leaders from local communities, is attempting to implement ecosystem management on nearly one million acres of virtually unfragmented open-space landscape in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico (Figure 1). This area of over 400,000 hectares is comparable in size to Grand Canyon National Park. It is roughly pyramid-shaped, with the base of the pyramid running just east of Douglas, Arizona into New Mexico to the far eastern boundary of the 500-square-mile (130 hectare) Gray Ranch. The apex is just south of Rodeo, New Mexico, near the Arizona-New Mexico state line, and runs to the Mexican border.

2,99 €

Prospects
Premium
Electricity
Waterloo
Ontario
41 Ready to Go Green?: The Prospects for Premium-Priced Green Electricity in Waterloo Region, Ontario. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract: In Ontario, electricity industry restructuring and growing air quality concerns mean that the prospects for `green electricity' (that is, electricity generated by environmentally-friendlier means) are greater now than they have ever been. However, given that government support for green electricity does not appear to be immediately forthcoming, any increase of market-share on the part of green electricity will be by virtue of customers' willingness to pay a premium for it. A survey was conducted in Waterloo Region (Ontario) to try to assess potential consumer demand for premium-priced green electricity. Eighty per cent of all respondents (n = 480) declared a willingness to pay more for green (or greener) electricity. Although this is largely consistent with the results of surveys in other parts of North America, experience elsewhere suggests that, when given the opportunity to

2,99 €

Effects
Amenity
Migration
Municipality
Whistler
Surrounding
Environs
42 The Effects of Amenity Migration on the Resort Municipality of Whistler and Its Surrounding Environs (Report) - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract This article examines the effects of amenity migration and residential tourism development with a focus on planning strategies through a case study of the Resort Municipality of Whistler, BC and environs. The study was conducted in 2005/6 and involved interviews with sixteen informants including local politicians, developers, planners, academic experts and First Nations. Interviewees revealed varying degrees of familiarity with the concept of amenity migration and considerable knowledge of the associated economic, social and environmental consequences. Although noteworthy planning measures have been adopted, none directly incorporated the concept of amenity migration. Despite winning "liveability" awards, Whistler struggles with numerous negative effects of amenity migration such as affordable housing, "dark" neighbourhoods, retention of a labour force and environmental degra

2,99 €

Evolution
Streets
Squares
Prairie
43 Evolution of the Public Realm: Streets, Squares, Parks and Open Spaces in a Prairie Town (Olds, Alta). - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The public realm, that is, the streets, squares, parks and other open spaces, should possess structure, identity and meaning, and should enhance and support civic engagement. The evolution of the landscape, and of the public realm, reflects the evolution of ideas and ideologies. The values cultures place on the land, and consequently the spatial and social qualities of the public realm, are reflected in changing patterns of land ownership and land development. How one understands and interprets those forms and processes depends upon one's philosophical position, and consequently influences the history/ies that is/are constructed. This paper considers how the public realm, and its qualities, have changed in the course of the evolution of attitudes towards the land in one Canadian prairie town.

2,99 €

Regional
Management
Program
Yellowstone
National
44 Regional Management Program at Yellowstone National Park. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Yellowstone National Park, the first national park in the U.S., was established on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone has been a leader in the National Park System's protection and management programs, programs which sometimes require cooperative regional approaches. A major concern over preservation of the endangered grizzly bear in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s led to an interagency effort and formation of the Greater Yellowstone Coordinating Committee in the 1960s. The interagency effort focused primarily on habitat that encompassed Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks and the six surrounding National Forests. This region later became known as the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. A Yellowstone Vision Document, an interagency coordinated land and resource management plan, was completed in the late 1980s. Strong concerns from National Forest constituents resulted in a significantly ab

2,99 €

Planning
British
Columbia
Integrated
Approach
45 Planning for Floods in the Lower Fraser Basin, British Columbia: Toward an Integrated Approach? - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract The potential for flood losses grew rapidly during the last half of the 20th century in the lower Fraser Valley and estuary where the bulk of British Columbia's population, infrastructure, and flood-control structures are concentrated. During this time, a complex array of federal and provincial specialists were engaged in rational, top-down, flood planning. The opportunity to create a balanced approach based on an integrated mix of structural and nonstructural measures was abandoned in the mid-1990s. Both federal and provincial governments slashed their professional capability in water management and flood control. The legacy was a costly system of dikes, financial disaster assistance and rapid encroachment on the floodplain. Most effort and funds were directed to compensation through flood loss programs run by well organized federal and provincial emergency measures organizatio

2,99 €

Practice
Collaborative
Planning
Resource
Environmental
Management
46 The Theory and Practice of Collaborative Planning in Resource and Environmental Management (1). - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract This paper assesses the utility of a new civics-based model of planning that delegates responsibility for preparing plans directly to affected stakeholders. The paper traces the origin of this new model, termed collaborative planning (CP) or shared decision making (SDM), and assesses its strengths and weaknesses by reviewing recent theoretical and empirical studies. The review illustrates that CP is ah effective planning model that is more likely than other planning models to develop and implement a plan that is in the public interest. The paper identifies ten "best practice" guidelines for successful use of CP. If these guidelines are followed, CP can be an effective model for achieving sustainability in resource and environmental management. The paper concludes by identifying areas for future research on CP including more meta- analysis using a uniform method, more analysis of

2,99 €

Environmental
Initiatives
Japanese
Automakers
Technology
Recycling
Lifecycle
Approaches
47 Environmental Initiatives Among Japanese Automakers: New Technology, EMS, Recycling and Lifecycle Approaches. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract: Japanese automakers are a source of new technologies and processes to meet the environmental needs of society. The Japanese production system has been widely studied with automobile manufacturers identified as models of flexible production, however, the production system should be set in a wider context of societal goals to reduce environmental harm. These innovations may come from small parts producers or from established firms such as Toyota and Honda. These firms do not work in isolation, but carefully monitor market trends, consumer preferences, and government policy both in Japan and overseas. As a major source of greenhouse gas emissions and smog precursors, the Japanese automotive industry has chosen to develop and market new vehicle technologies to meet demands for reduced emissions. The strategy is to have proven technology available to meet the demands of the most str

2,99 €

Designing
Healthy
Planning
Clinical
48 Designing Healthy Places: Land Use Planning and Public Health (Clinical Report) - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract Health systems everywhere are currently struggling with the burden of 21st century public health problems, most notably chronic disease and injuries. In light of growing concerns about the sustainability of the health care system, interest has been growing in exploring how different types of urban design can promote health and influence the prevention of population-level factors that contribute to disease and injury. The evidence demonstrates that there is an association between land use planning and the health of populations. The most researched area to date for connecting land use planning and public health is the impact of urban design on levels of physical activity. Low density suburban neighbourhoods contribute significantly to physical inactivity. The design of these neighbourhoods and their distance from daily destinations (groceries, services) typically requires a hig

2,99 €

Decision
Lessons
49 Shared Decision-Making: Lessons from CORE. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Mary Louise McAllister Environment and Resource Studies

2,99 €

Cascades
International
50 Cascades International Park: A Case Study. - Environments
Auteur : Environments
Genre : Art et architecture
Abstract An alliance of Canadian and American environmental groups proposed a Cascades International Park in 1994. The goal was better coordination of management in the trans-boundary area, guided by emerging conservation biology, which would lead to better resource protection, especially for biodiversity. Regionwide management of federal and Crown land would, it was hoped, result in greater likelihood of conservation of ecological systems than the current management approaches. No new parks were proposed, but rather greater coordination of management of existing protected areas. Three principal ideas were behind the proposal: landscape management; ecosystem management; and integrated management.

2,99 €
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