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1 Brazil on the Rise - Larry Rohter
Auteur : Larry Rohter
Genre : Latin America
In this hugely praised narrative, New York Times reporter Larry Rohter takes the reader on a lively trip through Brazil's history, culture, and booming economy. Going beyond the popular stereotypes of samba, supermodels, and soccer, he shows us a stunning and varied landscape--from breathtaking tropical beaches to the lush and dangerous Amazon rainforest--and how a complex and vibrant people defy definition. He charts Brazil's amazing jump from a debtor nation to one of the world's fastest growing economies, unravels the myth of Brazil's sexually charged culture, and portrays in vivid color the underbelly of impoverished favelas. With Brazil leading the charge of the Latin American decade, this critically acclaimed history is the authoritative guide to understanding its meteoric rise.

Security
Growing
Natural
Resource
Scarcity
2 Food Security in a World of Growing Natural Resource Scarcity - Mark W. Rosegrant, Jawoo Koo, Nicola Cenacchi, Claudia Ringler, Richard Robertson, Myles, Fisher, Cindy Cox, Kevin Garrett, Nicostrato D. Perez & Pascale Sabbagh
Auteur : Mark W. Rosegrant, Jawoo Koo, Nicola Cenacchi, Claudia Ringler, Richard Robertson, Myles, Fisher, Cindy Cox, Kevin Garrett, Nicostrato D. Perez & Pascale Sabbagh
Genre : Social Science
The world’s population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2050. Climate change, population, and income growth will drive food demand in the coming decades. Baseline scenarios show food prices for maize, rice, and wheat would significantly increase between 2005 and 2050, and the number of people at risk of hunger in the developing world would grow from 881 million in 2005 to more than a billion people by 2050. Food Security in a World of Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies examines which current and potential strategies offer solutions to fight hunger.

The type and effectiveness of agricultural technologies are highly debated, and the debates are often polarized. Technology options are many, but transparent evidence-based information has been inconclusive or scarce. This book endeavors to respond to the challenge of growing food sustainably

3 The Green New Deal - Jeremy Rifkin
Auteur : Jeremy Rifkin
Genre : Public Administration
An urgent plan to confront climate change, transform the American economy, and create a green post-fossil fuel culture.

A new vision for America’s future is quickly gaining momentum. Facing a global emergency, a younger generation is spearheading a national conversation around a Green New Deal and setting the agenda for a bold political movement with the potential to revolutionize society. Millennials, the largest voting bloc in the country, are now leading on the issue of climate change.

While the Green New Deal has become a lightning rod in the political sphere, there is a parallel movement emerging within the business community that will shake the very foundation of the global economy in coming years. Key sectors of the economy are fast-decoupling from fossil fuels in favor of ever cheaper solar and wind energies and the new business opportunities and em

4 But Will the Planet Notice? - Gernot Wagner
Auteur : Gernot Wagner
Genre : Economics
You are one of seven billion people on Earth. Whatever you or I do personally—eat tofu in a Hummer or hamburgers in a Prius—the planet doesn't notice. In our confrontation with climate change, species preservation, and a planet going off the cliff, it is what several billion people do that makes a difference. The solution? It isn't science, politics, or activism. It's smarter economics.

The hope of mankind, and indeed of every living thing on the planet, is now in the hands of the dismal science. Fortunately, we've been there before. Economists helped crack the acid rain problem in the 1990's (admittedly with a strong assist from a phalanx of lawyers and activists). Economists have helped get lead out of our gas, and they can explain why lobsters haven't disappeared off the coast of New England but tuna is on the verge of extinction. More disquietingly, they can take the

Billion
Hardest
5 The First Billion Is the Hardest - T. Boone Pickens
Auteur : T. Boone Pickens
Genre : Biographies & Memoirs
It’s Never Too Late to Top Your Personal Best.

Both a riveting account of a life spent pulling off improbable triumphs and a report back from the front of the global-energy and natural-resource wars, The First Billion Is the Hardest tells the story of the remarkable late-life comeback that brought the famed oilman and maverick back from bankruptcy and clinical depression. Along the way, the man often called the “Oracle of Oil” shares the insights that have made him a legend–and describes the billion-dollar bets he is now making in hopes of securing America’s energy independence.

“Sassy...breezes along...salted with earthy aphorisms.”—Bloomberg Businessweek

“Boone’s analysis of America’ s energy situation is 100 percent on the money....The country should listen to him– now!” —Warren Buffett, chai

Floating
Environmental
History
6 Floating Coast: An Environmental History of the Bering Strait - Bathsheba Demuth
Auteur : Bathsheba Demuth
Genre : History
A Best Book of the Year as chosen by Nature, Kirkus Reviews, and Library Journal.

A groundbreaking exploration of the relationship between capitalism, communism, and Arctic ecology since the dawn of the industrial age.

Whales and walruses, caribou and fox, gold and oil: through the stories of these animals and resources, Bathsheba Demuth reveals how people have turned ecological wealth in a remote region into economic growth and state power for more than 150 years.

The first-ever comprehensive history of Beringia, the Arctic land and waters stretching from Russia to Canada, Floating Coast breaks away from familiar narratives to provide a fresh and fascinating perspective on an overlooked landscape. The unforgiving territory along the Bering Strait had long been home to humans—the Inupiat and Yupik in Alaska, and the Yupik and Chukchi in Russia—before
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Ecosystem
Services
Natural
Resources
8 Ecosystem Services and Global Trade of Natural Resources - Thomas Koellner
Auteur : Thomas Koellner
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
The utilization of natural resources to satisfy worldwide growing consumption of goods and services has severe ecological consequences. Aside from the projected doubling of food consumption in the next fifty years, the growing trade of biofuels and other commodities is a global challenge as the economic activities in the primary sector (i.e. mining, fisheries, aquaculture, forestry and agriculture) can damage biodiversity and ecosystem services. This should be taken into account in the decision-making affecting the global value chains linking consumer, retailer, processor, and producer in the North and the South.

To cover the topic of ecosystem services and global trade this book is organized into four major parts. Part 1 gives the theoretical framework from an ecological, economic and political perspectives. Part 2 explores how internationally traded biophysical commodities

Ecology
Commerce
Revised
Edition
9 The Ecology of Commerce Revised Edition - Paul Hawken
Auteur : Paul Hawken
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
The world has changed in the seventeen years since the controversial initial publication of Paul Hawken's Ecology of Commerce, a stirring treatise about the perceived antagonism between ecology and business. Yet Hawken's impassioned argument—that business both causes the most egregious abuses of the environment and, crucially, holds the most potential for solving our sustainability problems—is more relevant and resonant than ever.

Containing updated and revised material for a new audience, The Ecology of Commerce presents a compelling vision of the restorative (rather than destructive) economy we must create, centered on eight imperatives: Reduce energy carbon emissions 80 percent by 2030 and total natural resource usage 80 percent by 2050. Provide secure, stable, and meaningful employment to people everywhere. Be self-organizing rather than regulated or morally mand

Environmental
Natural
Resource
Economics
10 Environmental and Natural Resource Economics - Jonathan M. Harris & Brian Roach
Auteur : Jonathan M. Harris & Brian Roach
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
Environmental issues are of fundamental importance, and a broad approach to understanding the relationship of the human economy and the natural world is essential. In a rapidly changing policy and scientific context, this new edition of Environmental and Natural Resource Economics reflects an updated perspective on modern environmental topics.

Now in its fourth edition, this book includes new material on climate change, the cost-competitiveness of renewable energy, global environmental trends, and sustainable economies. The text provides a balanced treatment of both standard environmental economics and ecological economics, based on the belief that these two approaches are complementary. Several chapters focus on the core concepts of environmental economics, including the theory of externalities, the management of public goods, the allocation of resources across time, e

Nigeria
11 My Nigeria - Peter Cunliffe-Jones
Auteur : Peter Cunliffe-Jones
Genre : Africa
His nineteenth-century cousin, paddled ashore by slaves, twisted the arms of tribal chiefs to sign away their territorial rights in the oil-rich Niger Delta. Sixty years later, his grandfather helped craft Nigeria's constitution and negotiate its independence, the first of its kind in Africa. Four decades later, Peter Cunliffe-Jones arrived as a journalist in the capital, Lagos, just as military rule ended, to face the country his family had a hand in shaping.Part family memoir, part history, My Nigeria is a piercing look at the colonial legacy of an emerging power in Africa. Marshalling his deep knowledge of the nation's economic, political, and historic forces, Cunliffe-Jones surveys its colonial past and explains why British rule led to collapse at independence. He also takes an unflinching look at the complicated country today, from email hoaxes and political corruption to the

Natural
Commercial
Perspective
12 Natural Gas: A Commercial Perspective - Andrej Pustišek & Michael Karasz
Auteur : Andrej Pustišek & Michael Karasz
Genre : Power Resources
This book discusses and explains the economics of each stage of the natural gas value chain, including the economic impact of restrictions, rules and decisions that are ostensibly technical in nature, as well as commercially relevant contractual stipulations. Each chapter features several real-world examples illustrating the essential points. 
Natural gas is broadly considered the (leading) conventional source of primary energy. Complementing renewable energies’ utilization and offering a highly flexible yet relatively clean fuel, the worldwide natural gas markets are expected to grow. Despite the fact that Europe – where a degree of stagnation in natural gas consumption is being observed and is expected to continue – is not following this trend, international natural gas markets are becoming increasingly interdependent. Therefore, any analysis and discussion of natural g

America
13 Low-Carbon Energy in Africa and Latin America - Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus & Les E. Shephard
Auteur : Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus & Les E. Shephard
Genre : Industries & Professions
This book offers a comprehensive overview of energy sectors in emerging African and Latin American nations, providing a one-stop source of information and analysis of energy sectors that differ radically from those of developed countries. It focuses on how indigenous energy sources can be used within a systems framework to enhance each nation’s economic prosperity, secure their energy future and reduce global carbon emissions. It begins by examining the current energy trends in Africa and Latin America, and the constraints that current practices place on meeting future energy needs. Further chapters present a deeper analyses of each technology adapted to these regions and a description of 94 selected case examples recently published in the scientific literature (2014-2016) and covering almost all countries to highlight energy experiences that could serve as engines for developing low-c

Natural
Economics
Environment
14 Natural Gas: Economics and Environment - Harald Osel
Auteur : Harald Osel
Genre : Environmental Engineering
Natural Gas: Economics and Environment is the fourth and last book in a series of textbooks that have focused on the technical and market related fundamentals of natural gas, while also taking aspects into consideration that one shared between the oil & gas industry.

Volume 4 consists of three additional chapters and commences with chapter 17 dealing with the economic modelling of a natural gas project. The economics of three models are introduced in this chapter, i.e. (1) an upstream E&P project, (2) a LNG model and (3) a gas-to-electricity (CCGT) model. Chapter 18 describes HSEQ (health, safety, environment and control) related aspects in connection with natural gas, with a focus on environmental aspects. Chapter 19 deals with the industrial environment related to the oil and natural gas industry. A historical overview of the development of the techniques used in th

Resources
Conservation
Strategy
Pakistan
Natural
Resources
Management
15 Water Resources and Conservation Strategy of Pakistan (Natural RESOURCES Management) (Report) - Pakistan Development Review
Auteur : Pakistan Development Review
Genre : Economics
Water is an essential element for survival of all living things. It is a vital factor for economic development--for augmenting growth of agriculture and industry. The paper analyses the water resources and conservation strategy of Pakistan. Since independence, this country has constructed only two big dams, i.e., the Tarbela and the Mangla Dams. The sedimentation condition in these dams has resulted in the decline of their storage capacity. The study indicates that due to stagnant water resources, the per capita water availability is decreasing at an alarming rate. The study highlights the proposed and ongoing water projects. The paper also articulates a water conservation strategy for Pakistan in order to fulfil future requirements. Keywords: Water Resources, Water Conservation, Pakistan

Tourism
Economic
Empirical
Evidence
Pakistan
Economy
Natural
Resources
Management
16 Role of Tourism in Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan Economy (Natural RESOURCES Management) (Report) - Pakistan Development Review
Auteur : Pakistan Development Review
Genre : Economics
Tourism activities are multi-pronged and mostly have a positive impact on any economy. This paper examines the role of tourism in the short-run economic development in Pakistan. We use the error-correction model, and also the causal relationship between tourism receipts and economic expansion (GDP). The results show that there is a strong relationship among tourism, receipts, and economic expansion; and economic expansion is necessary for tourism development in Pakistan. JEL classification: L83, O10

Inequality
Irrigation
Pakistan
Natural
Resources
Management
17 Land Inequality by Mode of Irrigation in Pakistan, 1990-2000 (NATURAL RESOURCES Management) (Report) - Pakistan Development Review
Auteur : Pakistan Development Review
Genre : Economics
The aim of this study is to estimate the magnitude of inequality in land distribution by mode of irrigation in two agriculture census periods, 1990 and 2000. It also analyses relative equity performance in cultivated irrigated area as compare to the total cultivated area. Theil's indices of inequality illustrate that there exist considerable levels of inequality in the distribution of all land variables in all areas evidently increasing over the two agriculture census periods. There is a significant level of increase in inequality in the cultivated area irrigated by canal except in the NWFP, whereas inequality in the irrigated area by tubewell has increased in all provinces in 2000. The equity index for irrigated area by canal has gone up, indicating that the distribution inequity is increasing in Pakistan. In Sindh, the picture is not encouraging for irrigated area by tubewell, as the d

Ascendance
Technologically
Advanced
Regional
Economic
History
Quality
Immigrants
Government
Reforms
Subsidies
Innovation
Without
Natural
Resources
18 Israel's Ascendance to a Technologically Advanced Regional Economic Power: Review of History of High-Quality Immigrants, Government Reforms and Subsidies, Tech Innovation Without Natural Resources - Progressive Management
Auteur : Progressive Management
Genre : Middle East
This excellent and interesting report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. This thesis examines Israel's economic ascendance to one of the most technologically advanced states in the Middle East. The analysis reviews the immigration of Jews into Palestine and later Israel, the Israeli defense sector, relationships between Israel and key world powers, and Israeli economic development, political evolution, and policy choices. The results show that a unique cocktail of high-quality immigrants, effective government reforms and subsidies, and technological innovation created the foundation for Israel's high-technology economy. All efforts were necessities due to lack of significant natural resource reserves. Consequently, the Israeli path to economic success could be replicated by relatively small and resource-lacking states.

This

Institutions
Sustainability
Natural
Resources
19 Institutions, Sustainability, and Natural Resources - Shashi Kant & R. Albert Berry
Auteur : Shashi Kant & R. Albert Berry
Genre : Economics
A new economic theory, rather than a new public policy based on old theory, is needed to guide humanity toward sustainability. Institutions are a critical dimension of sustainability and sustainable forest management, and economic analysis of institutional dimension requires an inclusionist rather than an exclusionist approach. This book provides a systematic critique of neoclassical economic approaches and their limitations with respect to sustainability. Leading institutional economists discuss theoretical perspectives about appropriate institutions for sustainable forest management, markets for environmental services, deforestation and specialization, and some country experiences about Kyoto Protocol, international trade, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable forest management in general. The book includes the ideas from old as well as new institutional economics and discusses th

Managing
Natural
Resources
Sustainable
Livelihoods
20 Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods - Cynthia McDougall & Barry Pound
Auteur : Cynthia McDougall & Barry Pound
Genre : Economics
Management of local resources has a greater chance of a sustainable outcome when there is partnership between local people and external agencies, and agendas relevant to their aspirations and circumstances. Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods analyses and extends this premise to show unequivocally that the process of research for improving natural resource management must incorporate participatory and user-focused approaches, leading to development based on the needs and knowledge of local resource users. Drawing on extensive and highly relevant case studies, this book presents innovative approaches for establishing and sustaining participation and collective decision-making, good practice for research, and challenges for future developments. It covers a wide range of natural resources - including forests and soils, and water and management units, such as watersheds a

Integrated
Planning
Management
Natural
Resources
21 Integrated Planning and Management of Natural Resources - Dwight Watson
Auteur : Dwight Watson
Genre : Economics
Integrated coastal zone management is a process of good governance that guides decision-making on the equitable allocation and sustainable use of natural resources. Integrated Planning and Management of Natural Resources describes systematic planning procedures for writing a hierarchy of strategic, zoning, management, and action plans. These plans can be adapted to any coastal management area in order to realize the social, economic, and environmental benefits that can be derived from spatially allocating, developing, and regulating the use of its diverse natural resources.

Natural
Resources
22 Fiscal Policy and the Natural Resources Curse - Paul Mosley
Auteur : Paul Mosley
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
It is widely accepted that natural resource wealth, especially in the form of oil and minerals, can be a key factor in inhibiting economic development. Many of the countries that are richest in natural resources – including oil, metals and diamonds – are amongst the world’s poorest. Why?

Fiscal Policy and the Natural Resources Curse re-examines this ancient, unsolved puzzle, asking why many governments of natural resource-intensive countries are incapable, in a globalised world, of dealing with the natural-resource curse. This book offers a detailed analysis of the power-relationships which underpin the natural resource curse, using both statistical analysis and country case studies from Africa and Latin America to pinpoint the strategies that have enable developing countries to break out of the poverty trap. The book differs from other works on this subj

Natural
Resources
Economic
Development
23 Natural Resources and Economic Development - Edward B. Barbier
Auteur : Edward B. Barbier
Genre : Economics
Why is natural resource exploitation not yielding greater benefits for the poor economies? In this second edition of his landmark book, Barbier explores this paradox in three parts. Part I gives a historical review of resource use and development, examining current theories that explain the under-performance of today's resource-abundant economies, and proposing a hypothesis of frontier expansion as an alternative explanation. Part II develops models to analyse the key economic factors underlying land expansion and water use in developing countries. Part III explores further the structural pattern of resource dependency, rural poverty and resource degradation within developing countries, and through illustrative country case studies, proposes policy and institutional reforms necessary for successful resource-based development. First published in 2005, each chapter in this new edition has

Frontiers
Natural
Resources
Management
24 New Frontiers in Natural Resources Management in Africa - Elias T. Ayuk & Ngozi F. Unuigbe
Auteur : Elias T. Ayuk & Ngozi F. Unuigbe
Genre : Public Administration
This book discusses policy strategies for the effective management of natural resources in Africa within the context of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).  While natural resource wealth has the potential to lift many out of poverty, sustain economic growth, and foster political stability, it does not guarantee these benefits. The absolute levels of human development in many resource-rich countries remain low, despite their apparent wealth. The challenge is to adopt policies that better harness the potential of natural resources, not only as an opportunity for development, but also to foster policies and institutional innovations that manage resource wealth equitably and boost human capital. To this end, this volume highlights key opportunities and solutions for harnessing natural resources for sustained economic development and explain how such approaches sho

Natural
Resources
Afghanistan
25 Natural Resources in Afghanistan - John F. Shroder
Auteur : John F. Shroder
Genre : Geography
Natural Resources in Afghanistan: Geographic and Geologic Perspectives on Centuries of Conflict details Afghanistan's physical geography — namely climate, soils, vegetation, water, hazards, and basic geologic background and terrain landforms — together with details of its rich natural resources, ethnic problems, and relevant past histories. The book couples these details with the challenges of environmental degradation and new environmental management and protection, all of which are considered finally in both pessimistic and optimistic modes. The reader comes away with a nuanced understanding of the issues that are likely to have great affect for this pivotal region of the world for decades to come.

With an estimated $1-3 trillion dollars of ore in the ground, and multiple cross-reinforcing cancellations of big Asian power machinations (China, India, Iran, Pakistan

Environment
Natural
Resources
Economic
26 The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth - Alfred Greiner & Will Semmler
Auteur : Alfred Greiner & Will Semmler
Genre : Economics
Recently, the public attention has turned toward the intricate interrelation between economic growth and global warming. This book focuses on this nexus but broadens the framework to study the issue. Growth is seen as global growth, which affects the global environment and climate change. Global growth, in particular high economic growth rates, imply a fast depletion of renewable and non-renewable resources. Thus this book deals with the impact of the environment and the effect of the exhaustive use of natural resources on economic growth and welfare of market economies as well as the reverse linkage. It is arranged in three parts: Part I of the book discusses the environment and growth. There, Greiner and Semmler incorporate the role of environmental pollution into modern endogenous growth models and use recently developed dynamic methods and techniques to derive appropriate abatement

Natural
Resources
Economic
27 Natural Resources and Economic Growth - Marc Badia-Miró, Vicente Pinilla & Henry Willebald
Auteur : Marc Badia-Miró, Vicente Pinilla & Henry Willebald
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
The relationship between natural capital and economic growth is an open debate in the field of economic development. Is an abundance of natural resources a blessing or a curse for economic performance? The field of Economic History offers an excellent vantage to explore the relevance of institutions, technical progress and supply-demand drivers.

Natural Resources and Economic Growth contains theoretical and empirical articles by leading scholars who have studied this subject in different historical periods from the 19th century to the present day and in different parts of the world. Part I presents the theoretical issues and discusses the meaning of the "curse" and the relevance of the historical perspective. Part II captures the diversity of experiences, presenting thirteen independent case studies based on historical results from North and South America, Africa, As

Economics
Agriculture
Natural
Resources
28 The Economics of Agriculture and Natural Resources - Masoomeh Rashidghalam
Auteur : Masoomeh Rashidghalam
Genre : Industries & Professions
This volume is a collection of twelve selected empirical studies on the economics of agriculture and natural resources. Twenty-two authors have contributed their research to this volume. Papers of this volume are grouped into three main domains covering: Agricultural Resilience and Sustainability; Agricultural Producers and Consumers; and Energy Use in Agriculture. Organized in an analytical framework and offering comprehensive empirical data, this book focuses on agricultural sustainability and resilience, environmental efficiency, agricultural extension, foreign trade, energy use, and agricultural growth aspects of the Iranian agriculture sector. They demonstrate technical and methodological tools used for the analysis and explain their application in the agricultural sector of Iran. This book will be a valuable read for those managing agricultural enterprises, policy makers, and resea

Natural
Resources
Capital
29 Natural Resources as Capital - Larry Karp
Auteur : Larry Karp
Genre : Economics
An introduction to the concepts and tools of natural resource economics, including dynamic models, market failures, and institutional remedies.
This introduction to natural resource economics treats resources as a type of capital; their management is an investment problem requiring forward-looking behavior within a dynamic setting. Market failures are widespread, often associated with incomplete or nonexistent property rights, complicated by policy failures. The book covers standard resource economics topics, including both the Hotelling model for nonrenewable resources and models for renewable resources. The book also includes some topics in environmental economics that overlap with natural resource economics, including climate change.

The text emphasizes skills and intuition needed to think about dynamic models and institutional remedies in the presence of both m

Century
Natural
Resources
Management
30 A New Century for Natural Resources Management - Richard L. Knight
Auteur : Richard L. Knight
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
This book explores the changes that are leading to a new century of natural resources management. It places the current situation in historical perspective, analyzes the forces that are propelling change, and describes and examines the specific changes in goals, policy, and practice that are transforming all aspects of natural resources management.The book is an important overview for wildlife biologists, foresters, and others working for public land agencies; professors and students of natural resources; and all those whose livelihood depends on the use of public natural resources.

Natural
Resources
Reports
Quarter
Results
31 -Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. Reports Third-Quarter 2011 Results - ENP Newswire
Auteur : ENP Newswire
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
ENPNewswire-October 31, 2011--Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. Reports Third-Quarter 2011 Results(C)2011 ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk ENP Newswire - 31 October 2011

Thermodynamics
Sustainable
Management
Natural
Resources
32 Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources - Wojciech Stanek
Auteur : Wojciech Stanek
Genre : Industries & Professions
This book examines ways of assessing the rational management of nonrenewable resources. Integrating numerous methods, it systematically exposes the strengths of exergy analysis in resources management.
Divided into two parts, the first section provides the theoretical background to assessment methods, while the second section provides practical application examples. The topics covered in detail include the theory of exergy cost and thermo-ecological cost, cumulative calculus and life cycle evaluation.
This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers looking to investigate a range of advanced thermodynamic assessments of the influence of production processes on the depletion of nonrenewable resources.

Nationalization
Natural
Resources
International
Investment
33 Nationalization, Natural Resources and International Investment Law - Junji Nakagawa
Auteur : Junji Nakagawa
Genre : Law
Nationalization disputes in natural resources development are among the most disputed issues of international investment law. This book offers a fresh insight into the nature of nationalization disputes in natural resources development and the rules of international investment law governing them by systematically analyzing (1) the content of investment contracts in natural resources development, and (2) the results of nationalization disputes in natural resources development from the perspective of dynamic bargaining theory.

Based on the comprehensive and systematic empirical analyses, the book sheds new light on contractual renegotiation and renewal as a hardly known but practically normal solution of nationalization disputes and presents a set of soft law rules governing contractual renegotiation and renewal.

Interests
Natural
Resources
34 U.S. Interests and Global Natural Resources - Emery N. Castle & Kent A. Price
Auteur : Emery N. Castle & Kent A. Price
Genre : Economics
Originally published in 1983, U.S. Interests and Global Natural Resources explores the links between foreign policy and the global distribution of natural resources paying particular attention to the U.S. This collection of essays delves into the importance of factors such as differing economic development and political hostility could have on the provision of resources into the U.S and advises that nations identify their countries needs and establish policies to safeguard them. This title will be of interest to students of Environmental Studies and Policy makers.

Handbook
Operations
Research
Natural
Resources
35 Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources - Andres Weintraub, Carlos Romero, Trond Bjørndal & Rafael Epstein
Auteur : Andres Weintraub, Carlos Romero, Trond Bjørndal & Rafael Epstein
Genre : Science & Nature
Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources will be the first systematic handbook treatment of quantitative modeling natural resource problems, their allocated efficient use, and societal and economic impact. Andrés Weintraub is the very top person in Natural Resource research. Moreover, he has an international reputation in OR and a former president of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies (IFORS). He has selected co-editors who are at the top of the sub-fields in natural resources: agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and mining. The book will cover these areas in terms with contributions from researchers on modeling natural research problems, quantifying data, developing algorithms, and discussing the benefits of research implementations. The handbook will include tutorial contributions when necessary. Throughout the book, technological advances and alg

Natural
Resources
36 The Curse of Natural Resources - Sevil Acar
Auteur : Sevil Acar
Genre : Economics
This book examines the paradox that resource-rich countries often struggle to manage their resources in a way that will help their economies thrive. It looks at how a country's political regime and quality of governance can determine the degree to which it benefits - or suffers - from having natural resources, shifting away from the traditional focus on economic growth data to study the complex implications of these resources for human well-being and sustainable development. To this end, Acar examines a panel of countries in terms of the effects of their natural resources on human development and genuine saving, which is a sustainability indicator that takes into account the welfare of future generations by incorporating the changes in different kinds of capital. Acar finds that the exportation of agricultural raw materials is associated with significant deterioration in human developmen

Economics
Natural
Environmental
Resources
Routledge
Revivals
37 Economics of Natural & Environmental Resources (Routledge Revivals) - Vernon L. Smith
Auteur : Vernon L. Smith
Genre : Economics
First written in 1977, Economics of Natural and Environmental Resources presents a collection of articles written in exploration of the economic, social, and ecological problems peculiar to natural and environmental resources. Whilst focusing on the economic theory of natural resources, the contributions also consider geological, technological, and institutional features of particular resources. Policy implications and considerations are central to the text and although the book was published over thirty years ago, the issues discussed remain relevant to today’s society.

Natural
Resources
Environment
38 Game Theory and Policy Making in Natural Resources and the Environment - Ariel Dinar, José Albiac & Joaquín Sánchez-Soriano
Auteur : Ariel Dinar, José Albiac & Joaquín Sánchez-Soriano
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
Game Theory has become one of the main analytical tools for addressing strategic issues in the field of economics and is increasing its influence in other fields of social sciences. With the increased level of extraction of natural resources and pollution of environments, game theory gains its place in the literature and it is more and more seen as a tool for policy makers and not only for theoreticians.

The book is structured into four parts dealing with the management of natural resources, the negotiation aspects of water management, water allocation through pricing and markets, and how conflicts and regulation shape the management of the environment. The first part explores game theory concepts applied to fisheries and grazing lands, which are two important natural resources. In the next two parts, several game theory methodologies are considered in the negotiation approa

Oligopoly
Environment
Natural
Resources
39 Oligopoly, the Environment and Natural Resources - Luca Lambertini
Auteur : Luca Lambertini
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
Industrial production and consumption patterns rely heavily on the intensive use of both renewable and non-renewable resources and the consequences for the environment can be serious. Following a long period of time where the profit incentives of firms have prevailed over preservation of the environment and the world’s natural resources, a new consensus has emerged concerning the need to regulate firm behaviour, aimed at ensuring the sustainability of the economic system in the long run.

This book offers an exhaustive overview of current economic debate about these topics, taking modern oligopoly theory as a benchmark. The first part of the book covers static models dealing with incentives for green research and development, Pigovian taxation, cartels, environmental quality and international trade, as well as the role of corporate social responsibility, public firms and con

Natural
Resources
Underdevelopment
40 Africa’s Natural Resources and Underdevelopment - Kwamina Panford
Auteur : Kwamina Panford
Genre : Economics
This book explores how African countries can convert their natural resources, particularly oil and gas, into sustainable development assets. Using Ghana, one of the continent’s newest oil-producing countries, as a lens, it examines the "resource curse" faced by other producers - such as Nigeria, Angola, and Equatorial Guinea - and demonstrates how mismanagement in those countries can provide valuable lessons for new oil producers in Africa and elsewhere. Relying on a broad range of fieldwork and policymaking experience, Panford suggests practical measures for resource-rich developing countries to transform natural resources into valuable assets that can help create jobs, boost human resources, and improve living and working conditions in Ghana in particular. He suggests fiscal, legal, and environmental antidotes to resource mismanagement, which he identifies as the major obstacle

Natural
Resources
41 Natural Resources - Judith Rees
Auteur : Judith Rees
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
In this book, first published in 1990, Judith Rees considers the spatial distribution of resource availability, development and consumption, and the distribution of resource-generated wealth and welfare. Showing that there are no simple answers, she analyses the complex interactions between economic forces, administrative structures and political institutions. This well-structured text is essential reading for upper-level students in geography, environmental planning, economics and resource management.

Economics
Sustainability
Natural
Resources
42 Economics, Sustainability, and Natural Resources - Shashi Kant & R. Albert Berry
Auteur : Shashi Kant & R. Albert Berry
Genre : Science & Nature
The economics of sustainability is much more complex than the neoclassical (Newtonian) economic approach to economic efficiency. Forest resources provide the ideal starting point for the economic analysis of sustainability. This book provides a systematic critique of neoclassical economic approaches and their limitations with respect to sustainability. Leading economists from different streams of economics discuss key economic aspects of sustainability and sustainable forest management including complexity, ethical issues, consumer choice theory, intergenerational equity, non-convexities, and multiple equilibria. This is the book which integrates different streams of economics – complexity theory, behavioral economics, post-Keynesian consumer choice theory, social choice theory, and non-convexities – and suggests the main features of Post-Newtonian economics.

This book is

Political
Economy
Natural
Resources
Development
43 The Political Economy of Natural Resources and Development - Paul A. Haslam & Pablo Heidrich
Auteur : Paul A. Haslam & Pablo Heidrich
Genre : Business & Personal Finance
The Political Economy of Resources and Development offers a unique and multidisciplinary perspective on how the commodity boom of the mid-2000s reshaped the model of development throughout Latin America and elsewhere in the developing world. Governments increased taxes and royalties on the resource sector, the nationalization of foreign firms returned to the mainstream economic policy agenda, and public spending on social and developmental goals surged. These trends, often described as resource nationalism, have developed into a strategy for economic development, generated a re-imagining of the state and its institutional possibilities, and created a new but very significant political risk for extractive enterprises.

However, these innovations, which constitute the most dramatic change in development policy in Latin America since the advent of neoliberalism, have so far rece

Natural
Resources
Environmental
Economics
44 Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics - Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Panos M. Pardalos & Mikael Rönnqvist
Auteur : Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Panos M. Pardalos & Mikael Rönnqvist
Genre : Economics
The book consists of a collection of articles (survey and research) describing the area of energy, natural resources and environmental economics. The contents of the book is divided into four sections. The first part considers petroleum and natural gas applications, taking up topics ranging from the management of incomes and reserves to market modeling and value chain optimization. The second and most extensive part studies applications from electricity markets, including analyses of marked prices, risk management, various optimization problems, electricity market design and regulation. The third part describes different applications in logistics and management of natural resources. Finally, the fourth part covers more general problems and methods arising within the area. The volume contains many examples from Nordic countries where there is knowledge and experience in managing natural

Sustainable
Sanitation
Services
45 Sustainable Water and Sanitation Services - Livelihoods & Natural Resource Managment Institute, International Water & Sanitation Centre, Centre for Economic and Social Studies & Watershed Support Services & Activities Network
Auteur : Livelihoods & Natural Resource Managment Institute, International Water & Sanitation Centre, Centre for Economic and Social Studies & Watershed Support Services & Activities Network
Genre : Economics
Based on the work of the WASHCost project run by the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC), this book provides an evaluation of the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sectors in the context of developing countries and is the first systematic study of applying the life-cycle cost approach to assessing allocations. It presents unit cost estimates of the WASH sector across geographic locations and technologies, including rural and peri-urban areas, and these are compared with service levels. It analyses detailed data from more than 5000 households across nine agro-climatic zones in Andhra Pradesh State in India. Key issues assessed include poverty analysis of service levels, cost drivers and factors at the village and household level, and governance aspects such as transparency, accountability and value for money in relation to unit costs and service levels. &

Incorporating
Science
Economics
Sociology
Developing
Sanitary
Phytosanitary
Standards
International
46 Incorporating Science, Economics, and Sociology in Developing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards in International Trade - Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources
Auteur : Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources
Genre : Medical
The rapid expansion of international trade has brought to the fore issues of conflicting national regulations in the area of plant, animal, and human health. These problems include the concern that regulations designed to protect health can also be used for protection of domestic producers against international competition. At a time when progressive tariff reform has opened up markets and facilitated trade, in part responding to consumer demands for access to a wide choice of products and services at reasonable prices, closer scrutiny of regulatory measures has become increasingly important. At the same time, there are clear differences among countries and cultures as to the types of risk citizens are willing to accept. The activities of this conference were based on the premise that risk analyses (i.e., risk assessment, management, and communication) are not exclusively the domain of t

Entropy
Resources
47 Entropy, Water and Resources - Horst Niemes & Mario Schirmer
Auteur : Horst Niemes & Mario Schirmer
Genre : Economics
This book at the intersection of natural sciences, economics, and water engineering aims to reduce the gaps between economic theory, natural sciences, and engineering practice. Based on an extended thermodynamic approach, the authors explain which economic assumptions are acceptable for constructing a dynamic model that is consistent with the natural sciences. In particular, the special role of water in the production and reproduction activities will be considered as an integral component. Water is generated in a separate water treatment process and is used to transport the unavoidable by-products of production and reproduction activities to a wastewater sector. In this respect, not only environmental protection aspects, but also the interrelation between the water requirements and the use of non-renewable resources for producing desired consumption goods will be highlighted.

Natural
Environments
48 Natural Environments - John V. Krutilla
Auteur : John V. Krutilla
Genre : Law
This study represents the first scholarly attempt to consider the difficult allocation problems associated with management of natural resources and proposed changes in the natural environment. Originally published in 1973

Poverty
Natural
Resource
Management
Pakistan
Discussion
Population
Resource
Depletion
49 Poverty and Natural Resource Management in Pakistan (Panel DISCUSSION: POPULATION: RESOURCE OR SOURCE OF Depletion) (Report) - Pakistan Development Review
Auteur : Pakistan Development Review
Genre : Economics
Pakistan is a country of contrasts, with diversified relief having majestic high mountain ranges snow-covered peaks, eternal glaciers, and the inter-mountain valleys in the north. Irrigated plains in the Indus basin contrast with stark deserts and rugged rocky plateaus in southwest Balochistan. The country is arid and semi-arid with substantial variation in temperature depending upon the topography and characterised by continental type of climate. Over the years since independence the natural resources of the country (land and water) have been harnessed which in turn made it possible to feed the growing population which more than quadrupled during the past sixty years. Construction of Tarbela and Mangla Dam facilitated the growth of irrigated agriculture and led the cropping intensity to peak. Sectors other than the agriculture also developed because of the backward and forward linkage o

Conflict
Negotiations
Natural
Resource
Management
50 Conflict, Negotiations and Natural Resource Management - Maarten Bavinck & Amalendu Jyotishi
Auteur : Maarten Bavinck & Amalendu Jyotishi
Genre : Economics
Conflicts over natural resources abound in India, where much of the population is dependent on these resources for their livelihoods. Issues of governance and management are complicated by the competing claims of parallel legal systems, including state, customary, religious, project and local laws.

Whereas much has been written about property rights, this unique collection takes a legal anthropological perspective to explore how the coexistence and interaction between multiple legal orders provide bases for claiming property rights. It examines how hybrid legal institutions have developed over time in India and how these impact on justice in the governance and distribution of natural resources. The book brings together original case studies that offer fresh perspectives on the governance of forests, water, fisheries and agricultural land in a diverse range of social and spati
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