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1 Algorithms to Live By - Brian Christian & Tom Griffiths
Auteur : Brian Christian & Tom Griffiths
Genre : Science & Nature
A fascinating exploration of how computer algorithms can be applied to our everyday lives, helping to solve common decision-making problems and illuminate the workings of the human mind

All our lives are constrained by limited space and time, limits that give rise to a particular set of problems. What should we do, or leave undone, in a day or a lifetime? How much messiness should we accept? What balance of new activities and familiar favorites is the most fulfilling? These may seem like uniquely human quandaries, but they are not: computers, too, face the same constraints, so computer scientists have been grappling with their version of such problems for decades. And the solutions they've found have much to teach us.

In a dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, acclaimed author Brian Christian (who holds degrees in computer science, philosophy, and poetry, and w
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3 CS 101 - Sarbo Roy
Auteur : Sarbo Roy
Genre : Computers
You do not need a degree of any type to understand computer science, nor do you need any mathematical skills greater than multiplying and dividing numbers. Not only are you smart enough to understand the fundamentals of computing, you have the ability to invent the basic structure of computer science.

4 An Introduction to Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics - Jack Moran
Auteur : Jack Moran
Genre : Engineering
This concise and highly readable introduction to theoretical and computational aerodynamics integrates both classical and modern developments, focusing on applying methods to actual wing design. Designed for a junior- or senior-level course and as a resource for practicing engineers, it features 221 figures.

5 Computational Fairy Tales - Jeremy Kubica
Auteur : Jeremy Kubica
Genre : Computers
Have you ever thought that computer science should include more dragons and wizards? Computational Fairy Tales introduces principles of computational thinking, illustrating high-level computer science concepts, the motivation behind them, and their application in a non-computer—fairy tale—domain. The goal of this book is not to provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, but rather to provide a high level overview of the breadth and excitement of computer science. It’s a quest that will take you from learning the basics of programming in a blacksmith’s forge to fighting curses with recursion.

Fifteen seers delivered the same prophecy, without so much as a single minstrel to lighten the mood: an unknown darkness threatens the kingdom. Suddenly, Princess Ann finds herself sent forth alone to save the kingdom. Leaving behind her home, family, and pet turtle Fido, Princ

6 Computational Conflict Research - Emanuel Deutschmann, Jan Lorenz, Luis G. Nardin, Davide Natalini & Adalbert F. X. Wilhelm
Auteur : Emanuel Deutschmann, Jan Lorenz, Luis G. Nardin, Davide Natalini & Adalbert F. X. Wilhelm
Genre : Social Science
This open access book brings together a set of original studies that use cutting-edge computational methods to investigate conflict at various geographic scales and degrees of intensity and violence. Methodologically, this book covers a variety of computational approaches from text mining and machine learning to agent-based modelling and social network analysis. Empirical cases range from migration policy framing in North America and street protests in Iran to violence against civilians in Congo and food riots world-wide. 

Supplementary materials in the book include a comprehensive list of the datasets on conflict and dissent, as well as resources to online repositories where the annotated code and data of individual chapters can be found and where (agent-based) models can be re-produced and altered. These materials are a valuable resource for those wishing to retrac

7 Lost in Math - Sabine Hossenfelder
Auteur : Sabine Hossenfelder
Genre : History
In this "provocative" book (New York Times), a contrarian physicist argues that her field's modern obsession with beauty has given us wonderful math but bad science.
Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades.
The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-

8 Biological Bits - Dorin, Alan
Auteur : Dorin, Alan
Genre : Computers
This guide provides broad coverage of computational Artificial Life, a field encompassing the theories and discoveries underpinning the invention and study of technology-based living systems. The book focusses specifically on Artificial Life realised in computer software. Topics covered include the pre-history of Artificial Life, artificial chemistry, artificial cells, organism growth, locomotion, group behaviour, evolution and ecosystem simulation.

9 Adventures of a Computational Explorer - Stephen Wolfram
Auteur : Stephen Wolfram
Genre : Biographies & Memoirs
Through his pioneering work in science, technology and language design, Stephen Wolfram has developed his own signature way of thinking about an impressive range of subjects. In this lively book of essays, Wolfram takes the reader along on some of his most surprising and engaging intellectual adventures.

From science consulting for a Hollywood movie, solving problems of AI ethics, hunting for the source of an unusual polyhedron, communicating with extraterrestrials, to finding the fundamental theory of physics and exploring the digits of pi, Adventures of a Computational Explorer captures the infectious energy and curiosity of one of the great pioneers of the computational world.

10 Kids Can Code! - Ian Garland
Auteur : Ian Garland
Genre : Computers & Technology
Coding Activities and Adventures for Kids!

Unleash the master coder in your child with this activity-filled guide! Fun coding adventures show kids just how far their imagination can take them. (Did you know coding took us to the moon?!) Complete with simple steps, colorful illustrations, and easy-to-follow screenshots, kids will find the encouragement they need to dive right in and discover the amazing power of coding. You’ll both love how Kids Can Code:
• Gives kids the confidence to master coding through simple projects that feel like play.
• Helps young learners get to know some of the most common coding languages—and the many ways they’re used to invent and create—in kid-friendly ways.
• Makes concepts like plot coordinates and binary code simple (even fun!) to grasp.
• Boosts computational thinking—tackling large probl

11 Computational Thinking - Kim Vernon
Auteur : Kim Vernon
Genre : Education
Schools often focus on coding in todays curriculum, this book outlines the benefits of computational thinking and the importance of laying the foundations in the early years.

12 Computational Thinking - Peter J. Denning & Matti Tedre
Auteur : Peter J. Denning & Matti Tedre
Genre : Computers
An introduction to computational thinking that traces a genealogy beginning centuries before the digital computer.
A few decades into the digital era, scientists discovered that thinking in terms of computation made possible an entirely new way of organizing scientific investigation; eventually, every field had a computational branch: computational physics, computational biology, computational sociology. More recently, “computational thinking” has become part of the K–12 curriculum. But what is computational thinking? This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series offers an accessible overview, tracing a genealogy that begins centuries before digital computers and portraying computational thinking as pioneers of computing have described it.

The authors explain that computational thinking (CT) is not a set of concepts for programming; it is a way of

13 Linguistics: A Complete Introduction: Teach Yourself - David Hornsby
Auteur : David Hornsby
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
Written by David Hornsby, who is a current Linguistics lecturer and researcher at the
University of Kent, Linguistics - The Essentials is designed to give you everything you need to succeed, all in one place. It covers the key areas that students are expected to be confident in, outlining the basics in clear jargon-free English, and then providing added value features like summaries of key books, and even lists of questions you might be asked in your seminar or exam.
The book uses a structure that mirrors many university courses on linguistics - with
separate chapters focusing on linguistic thought, syntax, sound systems, morphology,
semantics, pragmatics, language acquisition, and much more.

14 Micro:Bit – A Quick Start Guide for Teachers - Ray Chambers
Auteur : Ray Chambers
Genre : Computers
The BBC micro:bit Quickstart Guide for Teachers is designed to support educators in effective use of the BBC micro:bit devices distributed to all Year 7 students in the United Kingdom as part of the BBC's Make It Digital initiative.

Supported by Microsoft and published by Hodder Education, this indispensable guide features:

An introduction to the Make It Digital initiative

An outline of what the BBC micro:bit is and what it's designed to do

Advice on how teachers and students can get the most out of the BBC micro:bit device, including how the hardware and the supporting services work (including the BBC micro:bit website, code editors and code compiler)

Guidance on how to get started with creating programs for the BBC micro:bit using the Microsoft Touch Develop Editor, and how to compile them and upload them to your device

15 Computational Thinking Education - Siu-Cheung Kong & Harold Abelson
Auteur : Siu-Cheung Kong & Harold Abelson
Genre : Education
This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
This book offers a comprehensive guide, covering every important aspect of computational thinking education. It provides an in-depth discussion of computational thinking, including the notion of perceiving computational thinking practices as ways of mapping models from the abstraction of data and process structures to natural phenomena. Further, it explores how computational thinking education is implemented in different regions, and how computational thinking is being integrated into subject learning in K-12 education. In closing, it discusses computational thinking from the perspective of STEM education, the use of video games to teach computational thinking, and how computational thinking is helping to transform the quality of the workforce in the textile and apparel industry.

16 Arrival of the Fittest - Andreas Wagner
Auteur : Andreas Wagner
Genre : Life Sciences
“Natural selection can preserve innovations, but it cannot create them. Nature’s many innovations—some uncannily perfect—call for natural principles that accelerate life’s ability to innovate.”

Darwin’s theory of natural selection explains how useful adaptations are preserved over time. But the biggest mystery about evolution eluded him. As genetics pioneer Hugo de Vries put it, “natural selection may explain the survival of the fittest, but it cannot explain the arrival of the fittest.”

Can random mutations over a mere 3.8 billion years really be responsible for wings, eyeballs, knees, camouflage, lactose digestion, photosynthesis, and the rest of nature’s creative marvels? And if the answer is no, what is the mechanism that explains evolution’s speed and efficiency?

In Arrival of the Fittest, renowned evolutionar

17 A Course in Computational Electrostatic Field Theory - Dr. Frederick J. Young
Auteur : Dr. Frederick J. Young
Genre : Reference
Course in Computational Electrostatic Field Theory was written to show how real engineering electrostatic problems are solved using FlexPDE. It is necessary for most students to not only study the examples given therein but to solve electrostatic problems independently. The text poses several problems that should be solved by the serious student. In those cases the students should not read these solutions unless they are absolutely unable to solve the problems. Here are solutions to these problems best studied only after one has devoted considerable e¤ort to solve them and failed!

18 How to Speak Machine - John Maeda
Auteur : John Maeda
Genre : Engineering
Visionary designer and technologist John Maeda defines the fundamental laws of how computers think, and why you should care even if you aren't a programmer.

"Maeda is to design what Warren Buffett is to finance." --Wired

John Maeda is one of the world's preeminent interdisciplinary thinkers on technology and design. In How to Speak Machine, he offers a set of simple laws that govern not only the computers of today, but the unimaginable machines of the future.

Technology is already more powerful than we can comprehend, and getting more powerful at an exponential pace. Once set in motion, algorithms never tire. And when a program's size, speed, and tirelessness combine with its ability to learn and transform itself, the outcome can be unpredictable and dangerous. Take the seemingly instant transformation of Microsoft's ch

19 Computational Propaganda - Samuel C. Woolley & Philip N. Howard
Auteur : Samuel C. Woolley & Philip N. Howard
Genre : Foreign Policy & International Relations
Social media platforms do not just circulate political ideas, they support manipulative disinformation campaigns. While some of these disinformation campaigns are carried out directly by individuals, most are waged by software, commonly known as bots, programmed to perform simple, repetitive, robotic tasks. Some social media bots collect and distribute legitimate information, while others communicate with and harass people, manipulate trending algorithms, and inundate systems with spam. Campaigns made up of bots, fake accounts, and trolls can be coordinated by one person, or a small group of people, to give the illusion of large-scale consensus. Some political regimes use political bots to silence opponents and to push official state messaging, to sway the vote during elections, and to defame critics, human rights defenders, civil society groups, and journalists. This book argues that su

20 The Age of Disruption - Bernard Stiegler
Auteur : Bernard Stiegler
Genre : Science & Nature
Half a century ago Adorno and Horkheimer argued, with great prescience, that our increasingly rationalized world was witnessing the emergence of a new kind of barbarism, thanks in part to the stultifying effects of the culture industries. What they could not foresee was that, with the digital revolution and the pervasive automation associated with it, the developments they had discerned would be greatly accentuated, giving rise to the loss of reason and to the loss of the reason for living. Individuals are now overwhelmed by the sheer quantity of digital information and the speed of digital flows, resulting in a kind of technological Wild West in which they find themselves increasingly powerless, driven by their lack of agency to the point of madness.

How can we find a way out of this situation? In this major new book, Bernard Stiegler argues that we must first acknowledge our

21 Performance Assessment Strategies - Michela Turrin
Auteur : Michela Turrin
Genre : Art & Architecture
Using engineering performance evaluations to explore design alternatives during the conceptual phase of architectural design helps to understand the relationships between form and performance; and is crucial for developing well-performing final designs. Computer aided conceptual design has the potential to aid the design team in discovering and highlighting these relationships; especially by means of procedural and parametric geometry to support the generation of geometric design, and building performance simulation tools to support performance assessments. However, current tools and methods for computer aided conceptual design in architecture do not explicitly reveal nor allow for backtracking the relationships between performance and geometry of the design. They currently support post-engineering, rather than the early design decisions and the design exploration process.

22 Zeno's Paradox - Joseph Mazur
Auteur : Joseph Mazur
Genre : Physics
The fascinating story of an ancient riddle?and what it reveals about the nature of time and space

Three millennia ago, the Greek philosopher Zeno constructed a series of logical paradoxes to prove that motion is impossible. Today, these paradoxes remain on the cutting edge of our investigations into the fabric of space and time. Zeno?s Paradox uses the motion paradox as a jumping-off point for an exploration of the twenty-five-hundred-year quest to uncover the true nature of the universe. From Galileo to Einstein to Stephen Hawking, some of the greatest minds in history have tackled the problem and made spectacular breakthroughs?but through it all, the paradox of motion remains.

23 The Power of Computational Thinking - Paul Curzon & Peter W McOwan
Auteur : Paul Curzon & Peter W McOwan
Genre : Computers & Technology
The Power of Computational Thinking shows that learning to think can be fascinating fun.
Can you become a computational thinker?Can machines have brains?Do computers really see and understand the world?Can games help us to study nature, save lives and design the future?Can you use computational thinking in your everyday activities?
Yes, and this book shows you how.

Computational thinking has changed the way we all live, work and play. It has changed the way science is done too; won wars, created whole new industries and saved lives. It is at the heart of computer programming and is a powerful approach to problem solving, with or without computers. It is so important that many countries now require that primary school children learn the skills.

Professors Paul Curzon and Peter McOwan of Queen Mary University of London have written a unique and enjoy

24 The New Science of Strong Materials - J E Gordon
Auteur : J E Gordon
Genre : Engineering
Why isn't wood weaker that it is? Why isn't steel stronger? Why does glass sometimes shatter and sometimes bend like spring? Why do ships break in half? What is a liquid and is treacle one? All these are questions about the nature of materials. All of them are vital to engineers but also fascinating as scientific problems. During the 250 years up to the 1920s and 1930s they had been answered largely by seeing how materials behaved in practice. But materials continued to do things that they "ought" not to have done. Only in the last 40 years have these questions begun to be answered by a new approach. Material scientists have started to look more deeply into the make-up of materials. They have found many surprises; above all, perhaps, that how a material behaves depends on how perfectly - or imperfectly - its atoms are arranged. Using both SI and imperial units, Professor Gordon's account

25 Linguistics Made Easy: Flash - Jean Aitchison
Auteur : Jean Aitchison
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
This new title in the popular 'Flash' series gets straight to the key facts of linguistics. In just 96 pacy, jargon-free pages, you will:
- look at language
- understand sound
- get to grips with semantics
- consider language change
- explore psycholinguistics
and much more besides!

26 Learn C the Hard Way - Zed A. Shaw
Auteur : Zed A. Shaw
Genre : Computers
You Will Learn C!

Zed Shaw has crafted the perfect course for the beginning C programmer eager to advance their skills in any language. Follow it and you will learn the many skills early and junior programmers need to succeed–just like the hundreds of thousands of programmers Zed has taught to date! You bring discipline, commitment, persistence, and experience with any programming language; the author supplies everything else.

In Learn C the Hard Way, you’ll learn C by working through 52 brilliantly crafted exercises. Watch Zed Shaw’s teaching video and read the exercise. Type his code precisely. (No copying and pasting!) Fix your mistakes. Watch the programs run. As you do, you’ll learn what good, modern C programs look like; how to think more effectively about code; and how to find and fix mistakes far more efficiently. Most importantl

27 Computational Physics - Rubin H. Landau, Manuel J. Páez & Cristian C. Bordeianu
Auteur : Rubin H. Landau, Manuel J. Páez & Cristian C. Bordeianu
Genre : Physics
The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming.

This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and eve

28 Brain and Human Body Modeling - Sergey Makarov, Marc Horner & Gregory Noetscher
Auteur : Sergey Makarov, Marc Horner & Gregory Noetscher
Genre : Engineering
This open access book describes modern applications of computational human modeling with specific emphasis in the areas of neurology and neuroelectromagnetics, depression and cancer treatments, radio-frequency studies and wireless communications. Special consideration is also given to the use of human modeling to the computational assessment of relevant regulatory and safety requirements. Readers working on applications that may expose human subjects to electromagnetic radiation will benefit from this book’s coverage of the latest developments in computational modelling and human phantom development to assess a given technology’s safety and efficacy in a timely manner.
Describes construction and application of computational human models including anatomically detailed and subject specific models;Explains new practices in computational human modeling for neuroelectromagnetic

29 Complex Adaptive Systems - John H. Miller & Scott Page
Auteur : John H. Miller & Scott Page
Genre : Social Science
This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents.

30 Life's Ratchet - Peter M. Hoffmann
Auteur : Peter M. Hoffmann
Genre : Life Sciences
Life is an enduring mystery. Yet, science tells us that living beings are merely sophisticated structures of lifeless molecules. If this view is correct, where do the seemingly purposeful motions of cells and organisms originate? In Life's Ratchet, physicist Peter M. Hoffmann locates the answer to this age-old question at the nanoscale.

Below the calm, ordered exterior of a living organism lies microscopic chaos, or what Hoffmann calls the molecular storm -- specialized molecules immersed in a whirlwind of colliding water molecules. Our cells are filled with molecular machines, which, like tiny ratchets, transform random motion into ordered activity, and create the "purpose" that is the hallmark of life. Tiny electrical motors turn electrical voltage into motion, nanoscale factories custom-build other molecular machines, and mechanical machines twist, untwist, separate

31 Artificial Intelligence - David L. Poole & Alan K. Mackworth
Auteur : David L. Poole & Alan K. Mackworth
Genre : Computers
Recent decades have witnessed the emergence of artificial intelligence as a serious science and engineering discipline. This textbook, aimed at junior to senior undergraduate students and first-year graduate students, presents artificial intelligence (AI) using a coherent framework to study the design of intelligent computational agents. By showing how basic approaches fit into a multidimensional design space, readers can learn the fundamentals without losing sight of the bigger picture. The book balances theory and experiment, showing how to link them intimately together, and develops the science of AI together with its engineering applications. Although structured as a textbook, the book's straightforward, self-contained style will also appeal to a wide audience of professionals, researchers, and independent learners. AI is a rapidly developing field: this book encapsulates the latest

32 Celestial Calculations - J. L. Lawrence
Auteur : J. L. Lawrence
Genre : Astronomy
How to predict and calculate the positions of stars, planets, the sun, the moon, and satellites using a personal computer and high school mathematics.
Our knowledge of the universe is expanding rapidly, as space probes launched decades ago begin to send information back to earth. There has never been a better time to learn about how planets, stars, and satellites move through the heavens. This book is for amateur astronomers who want to move beyond pictures of constellations in star guides and solve the mysteries of a starry night. It is a book for readers who have wondered, for example, where Saturn will appear in the night sky, when the sun will rise and set, or how long the space station will be over their location. In Celestial Calculations, J. L. Lawrence shows readers how to find the answers to these and other astronomy questions with only a personal computer and

33 Probably Approximately Correct - Leslie Valiant
Auteur : Leslie Valiant
Genre : Life Sciences
From a leading computer scientist, a unifying theory that will revolutionize our understanding of how life evolves and learns.

How does life prosper in a complex and erratic world? While we know that nature follows patterns -- such as the law of gravity -- our everyday lives are beyond what known science can predict. We nevertheless muddle through even in the absence of theories of how to act. But how do we do it?

In Probably Approximately Correct, computer scientist Leslie Valiant presents a masterful synthesis of learning and evolution to show how both individually and collectively we not only survive, but prosper in a world as complex as our own. The key is "probably approximately correct" algorithms, a concept Valiant developed to explain how effective behavior can be learned. The model shows that pragmatically coping with a problem can provide a

34 Computational Spectroscopic Analysis of Orbital Hybridization and Crystal Field Interaction for Trivalent Uranium Ion in Crystals of Hexagonal Symmetry - Wei Wang
Auteur : Wei Wang
Genre : Computers
In the framework of crystal field theory, the absorption spectra in the Vis (blue)-UV region of trivalent uranium ion doped into LaCl3 and CeCl3 single crystals are directly predicted and simulated. A new computational method for modeling the orbital hybridization (mixing of electron configurations of opposite parities) is developed with a modified crystal field approach. The developed method is based on the complete diagonalization of the modified crystal field Hamiltonian (which includes both even and odd terms of the crystal field) defined in the basis set spanned by all 5f3 and 5f26d wave functions (1274 states in total) for the open shell electrons of U3+ ion. The method provides a fundamental understanding and quantitative analysis of the crystal-field induced 5f-6d mixing in U3+:LaCl3 and U3+:CeCl3 (C3h site symmetry at the U3+ position). The odd terms of the crystal f

35 Classical and Computational Solid Mechanics - Y C Fung & Pin Tong;Xiaohong Chen
Auteur : Y C Fung & Pin Tong;Xiaohong Chen
Genre : Engineering
The second edition provides an update of the recent developments in classical and computational solid mechanics. The structure of the book is also updated to include five new areas: Fundamental Principles of Thermodynamics and Coupled Thermoelastic Constitutive Equations at Large Deformations, Functional Thermodynamics and Thermoviscoelasticity, Thermodynamics with Internal State Variables and Thermo-Elasto-Viscoplasticity, Electro-Thermo-Viscoelasticity/Viscoplasticity, and Meshless Method. These new topics are added as self-contained sections or chapters. Many books in the market do not cover these topics. This invaluable book has been written for engineers and engineering scientists in a style that is readable, precise, concise, and practical. It gives the first priority to the formulation of problems, presenting the classical results as the gold standard, and the numerical approach

36 Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling - K. I. Ramachandran, Gopakumar Deepa & Krishnan Namboori
Auteur : K. I. Ramachandran, Gopakumar Deepa & Krishnan Namboori
Genre : Chemistry
The gap between introductory level textbooks and highly specialized monographs is filled by this modern textbook. It provides in one comprehensive volume the in-depth theoretical background for molecular modeling and detailed descriptions of the applications in chemistry and related fields like drug design, molecular sciences, biomedical, polymer and materials engineering. Special chapters on basic mathematics and the use of respective software tools are included. Numerous numerical examples, exercises and explanatory illustrations as well as a web site with application tools ( support the students and lecturers.

37 A First Course in Computational Fluid Dynamics - H. Aref & S. Balachandar
Auteur : H. Aref & S. Balachandar
Genre : Science & Nature
Fluid mechanics is a branch of classical physics that has a rich tradition in applied mathematics and numerical methods. It is at work virtually everywhere, from nature to technology. This broad and fundamental coverage of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) begins with a presentation of basic numerical methods and flows into a rigorous introduction to the subject. A heavy emphasis is placed on the exploration of fluid mechanical physics through CFD, making this book an ideal text for any new course that simultaneously covers intermediate fluid mechanics and computation. Ample examples, problems and computer exercises are provided to allow students to test their understanding of a variety of numerical methods for solving flow physics problems, including the point-vortex method, numerical methods for hydrodynamic stability analysis, spectral methods and traditional CFD topics.

38 Foundations of Computational Linguistics - Roland Hausser
Auteur : Roland Hausser
Genre : Computers
The central task of a future-oriented computational linguistics is the development of cognitive machines which humans can freely talk with in their respective natural language. In the long run, this task will ensure the development of a functional theory of language, an objective method of verification, and a wide range of practical applications. Natural communication requires not only verbal processing, but also non-verbal perception and action. Therefore the content of this textbook is organized as a theory of language for the construction of talking robots. The main topic is the mechanism of natural language communication in both the speaker and the hearer.

In the third edition the author has modernized the text, leaving the overview of traditional, theoretical, and computational linguistics, analytic philosophy of language, and mathematical complexity theory with their his

39 Computational Psychiatry - Alan Anticevic & John D. Murray
Auteur : Alan Anticevic & John D. Murray
Genre : Neuroscience
Computational Psychiatry: Mathematical Modeling of Mental Illness is the first systematic effort to bring together leading scholars in the fields of psychiatry and computational neuroscience who have conducted the most impactful research and scholarship in this area. It includes an introduction outlining the challenges and opportunities facing the field of psychiatry that is followed by a detailed treatment of computational methods used in the service of understanding neuropsychiatric symptoms, improving diagnosis and guiding treatments.

This book provides a vital resource for the clinical neuroscience community with an in-depth treatment of various computational neuroscience approaches geared towards understanding psychiatric phenomena. Its most valuable feature is a comprehensive survey of work from leaders in this field.
Offers an in-depth overview of the rapi

40 Computational Methods in Chemical Engineering with Maple - Ralph E. White & Venkat R. Subramanian
Auteur : Ralph E. White & Venkat R. Subramanian
Genre : Chemistry
This book helps chemical and other engineers develop their skills for solving mathematical models using Maple. These mathematical models can consist of systems of algebraic, ordinary, and partial differential equations. Maple’s ‘dsolve’ is used to obtain solutions for many of these models. Maple worksheets are provided on the Springer website for use by readers to solve the example problems in this book. Just click on Electronic Supplementary Material and insert the ISBN.

41 Computational Thermodynamics of Materials - Zi-Kui Liu & Yi Wang
Auteur : Zi-Kui Liu & Yi Wang
Genre : Engineering
This unique and comprehensive introduction offers an unrivalled and in-depth understanding of the computational-based thermodynamic approach and how it can be used to guide the design of materials for robust performances, integrating basic fundamental concepts with experimental techniques and practical industrial applications, to provide readers with a thorough grounding in the subject. Topics covered range from the underlying thermodynamic principles, to the theory and methodology of thermodynamic data collecting, analysis, modeling, and verification, with details on free energy, phase equilibrium, phase diagrams, chemical reactions, and electrochemistry. In thermodynamic modelling, the authors focus on the CALPHAD method and first-principles calculations. They also provide guidance for use of YPHON, a mixed-space phonon code developed by the authors for polar materials based on the sup

42 Computational Quantum Chemistry - Joseph J W McDouall
Auteur : Joseph J W McDouall
Genre : Chemistry
Computational Quantum Chemistry presents computational electronic structure theory as practised in terms of ab initio waveform methods and density functional approaches. Getting a full grasp of the field can often prove difficult, since essential topics fall outside of the scope of conventional chemistry education. This professional reference book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field.

Postgraduate students and experienced researchers alike will appreciate Joseph McDouall's engaging writing style. The book is divided into five chapters, each providing a major aspect of the field. Electronic structure methods, the computation of molecular properties, methods for analysing the output from computations and the importance of relativistic effects on molecular properties are also discussed. Links to the websites of widely used software packages are provided so that the

43 Digital Dice - Paul J. Nahin
Auteur : Paul J. Nahin
Genre : Mathematics
Some probability problems are so difficult that they stump the smartest mathematicians. But even the hardest of these problems can often be solved with a computer and a Monte Carlo simulation, in which a random-number generator simulates a physical process, such as a million rolls of a pair of dice. This is what Digital Dice is all about: how to get numerical answers to difficult probability problems without having to solve complicated mathematical equations.

Popular-math writer Paul Nahin challenges readers to solve twenty-one difficult but fun problems, from determining the odds of coin-flipping games to figuring out the behavior of elevators. Problems build from relatively easy (deciding whether a dishwasher who breaks most of the dishes at a restaurant during a given week is clumsy or just the victim of randomness) to the very difficult (tackling branching processe

44 Applications of Computational Intelligence in Data-Driven Trading - Cris Doloc
Auteur : Cris Doloc
Genre : Investing
“Life on earth is filled with many mysteries, but perhaps the most challenging of these is the nature of Intelligence.”

– Prof. Terrence J. Sejnowski, Computational Neurobiologist

The main objective of this book is to create awareness about both the promises and the formidable challenges that the era of Data-Driven Decision-Making and Machine Learning are confronted with, and especially about how these new developments may influence the future of the financial industry.

The subject of Financial Machine Learning has attracted a lot of interest recently, specifically because it represents one of the most challenging problem spaces for the applicability of Machine Learning. The author has used a novel approach to introduce the reader to this topic:
The first half of the book is a readable and coherent introduction to two mod

45 Cambridge IGCSE Computer Science - David Watson & Helen Williams
Auteur : David Watson & Helen Williams
Genre : Computers
Endorsed by Cambridge Assessment International Education.
Develop computational thinking and programming skills with complete coverage of the latest syllabus from experienced examiners and teachers.
- Follows the order of the syllabus exactly, ensuring complete coverage
- Introduces students to self-learning exercises, helping them learn how to use their knowledge in new scenarios
Accompanying animation files of the key concepts are available to download for free online.

This book covers the IGCSE (0478), O Level (2210) and US IGCSE entry (0473) syllabuses, which are for first examination 2015. It may also be a useful reference for students taking the new Computer Science AS level course (9608).

46 Beginning Ethical Hacking with Kali Linux - Sanjib Sinha
Auteur : Sanjib Sinha
Genre : Computers
Get started in white-hat ethical hacking using Kali Linux. This book starts off by giving you an overview of security trends, where you will learn the OSI security architecture. This will form the foundation for the rest of Beginning Ethical Hacking with Kali Linux. With the theory out of the way, you’ll move on to an introduction to VirtualBox, networking, and common Linux commands, followed by the step-by-step procedure to build your own web server and acquire the skill to be anonymous . When you have finished the examples in the first part of your book, you will have all you need to carry out safe and ethical hacking experiments.

After an introduction to Kali Linux, you will carry out  your first penetration tests with Python and code raw binary packets for use in those tests. You will learn how to find secret directories on a target system, use a TC

47 Classroom-Ready Number Talks for Third, Fourth and Fifth Grade Teachers - Nancy Hughes
Auteur : Nancy Hughes
Genre : Education
A huge collection of ready-to-use number talks that make math concepts easier for students to learn

Whether you are new to number talks or have been using them in your classroom for years, this book makes it easier than ever for your students to experience this exciting teaching method. Instead of trying to come up with a new number talk every day, simply select one of the hundreds of great offerings provided in this book.

With chapters on addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions and decimals, Classroom-Ready Number Talks for 3rd, 4th and 5th Grade Teachers includes:

• Grade-level specific strategies
• Number talk how-tos
• Visual and numerical examples
• Scaffolding suggestions
• Common core alignments
• Questions to build understanding

With these ready-to-use number

48 Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms - David A. Cox, John Little & Donal O'Shea
Auteur : David A. Cox, John Little & Donal O'Shea
Genre : Mathematics
This text covers topics in algebraic geometry and commutative algebra with a strong perspective toward practical and computational aspects. The first four chapters form the core of the book. A comprehensive chart in the preface illustrates a variety of ways to proceed with the material once these chapters are covered. In addition to the fundamentals of algebraic geometry—the elimination theorem, the extension theorem, the closure theorem, and the Nullstellensatz—this new edition incorporates several substantial changes, all of which are listed in the Preface. The largest revision incorporates a new chapter (ten), which presents some of the essentials of progress made over the last decades in computing Gröbner bases. The book also includes current computer algebra material in Appendix C and updated independent projects (Appendix D).

The book may serve as a first or second

49 Prime Numbers - Richard Crandall & Carl B. Pomerance
Auteur : Richard Crandall & Carl B. Pomerance
Genre : Mathematics
Prime numbers beckon to the beginner, as the basic notion of primality is accessible even to children. Yet, some of the simplest questions about primes have confounded humankind for millennia. In the new edition of this highly successful book, Richard Crandall and Carl Pomerance have provided updated material on theoretical, computational, and algorithmic fronts. New results discussed include the AKS test for recognizing primes, computational evidence for the Riemann hypothesis, a fast binary algorithm for the greatest common divisor, nonuniform fast Fourier transforms, and more. The authors also list new computational records and survey new developments in the theory of prime numbers, including the magnificent proof that there are arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of primes, and the final resolution of the Catalan problem. Numerous exercises have been added.

Richard Cr

50 Aitchison's Linguistics - Jean Aitchison
Auteur : Jean Aitchison
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
This classic book is a straightforward introduction to linguistics which attempts to answer two fundamental questions: 'What is language?' and 'How does language work?' It outlines the scope of linguistics, explaining basic concepts and essential terminology with examples drawn mainly from English. Sound patterning, syntax and meaning - the inner core of linguistics - are discussed simply and clearly, as are the rapidly growing areas of pragmatics, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics and stylistics. You will find this contemporary, easy-to-read book essential to broadening your understanding of the subtleties and power of language.


One, five and ten-minute introductions to key principles to get you started.


Lots of instant help with common problems and quick tips for success, based on the author's many years o
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