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Agroecosystems

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Effects
Spodoptera
Control
Strategies
Arthropod
Diversity
Abundance
Tobacco
1 Effects of Three Spodoptera Litura Control Strategies on Arthropod Diversity and Abundance in Tobacco Agroecosystems in South China (Report) - Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Auteur : Pakistan Journal of Zoology
Genre : Life Sciences
Byline: Zhong-Shi Zhou, Ze-Peng Chen and Zai-Fu Xu Abstract

Microbiological
Advancements
Altitude
Ecosystems
Sustainability
2 Microbiological Advancements for Higher Altitude Agro-Ecosystems & Sustainability - Reeta Goel, Ravindra Soni & Deep Chandra Suyal
Auteur : Reeta Goel, Ravindra Soni & Deep Chandra Suyal
Genre : Medical
The book explores the challenges and opportunities associated with high-altitude agro-ecosystems and the factors that influence them. It discusses the various indigenous agricultural practices and approaches, as well as the microbiology of mountain & hill agro-ecosystems, providing a comprehensive overview of the various factors that control the microbiome at high altitudes.
The contributions examine microbiological advances, such as use of “omics” technologies for hill agriculture and environmental sustainability, and explore the use of nanotechnology for agricultural and environmental sustainability at higher altitudes. The book also describes various aspects of low-temperature microbiology in the context of high-altitude farming and environmental sustainability.

Microbial
Genomics
Sustainable
3 Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems - Vijay Tripathi, Pradeep Kumar, Pooja Tripathi & Amit Kishore
Auteur : Vijay Tripathi, Pradeep Kumar, Pooja Tripathi & Amit Kishore
Genre : Biology
In recent decades, significant advances in new methodologies like DNA sequencing and high-throughput sequencing have been used to identify microorganisms and monitor their interactions with different environments. Microbial genomics techniques are opening new approaches to microbiology by revealing how microorganisms affect human beings and the environment. 
This book covers four major areas: 1) Environmental microbial genomics, 2) Microbial genomics in human health, 3) Microbial genomics in crop improvement and plant health protection, and 4) Genome analysis of microbial pathogens. Within these areas, the topics addressed include: microbial genome diversity, evolution, and microbial genome sequencing; bioinformatics and microarray-based genomic technologies; functional genomics of bioremediation of soil and water from organic and inorganic pollutants and carbon management; fun
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Intensification
Enhanced
Edition
5 Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosystems (Enhanced Edition) - Mahdi M. Al-Kaisi & Birl Lowery
Auteur : Mahdi M. Al-Kaisi & Birl Lowery
Genre : Agriculture
Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosystems examines the climate, environmental, and human effects on agroecosystems and how the existing paradigms must be revised in order to establish sustainable production. The increased demand for food and fuel exerts tremendous stress on all aspects of natural resources and the environment to satisfy an ever increasing world population, which includes the use of agriculture products for energy and other uses in addition to human and animal food.

The book presents options for ecological systems that mimic the natural diversity of the ecosystem and can have significant effect as the world faces a rapidly changing and volatile climate. The book explores the introduction of sustainable agroecosystems that promote biodiversity, sustain soil health, and enhance food production as ways to help mitigate some of these adverse effects

Microbial
Genomics
Sustainable
6 Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems - Vijay Tripathi, Pradeep Kumar, Pooja Tripathi, Amit Kishore & Madhu Kamle
Auteur : Vijay Tripathi, Pradeep Kumar, Pooja Tripathi, Amit Kishore & Madhu Kamle
Genre : Biology
Today, microbiology is a rapidly growing discipline in the life sciences, and the technologies are evolving on a virtually daily basis. Next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized microbial analysis, and can help us understand the biology and genomic diversity of various bacterial species with significant impacts on agro-ecosystems. In addition, advances in molecular biology and microbiology techniques hold the potential to improve the productivity and sustainability of agriculture and forestry.
This new volume addresses the role of microbial genomics in understanding the living systems that exist in the soil and their interactions with plants, an aspect that is also important for crop improvement. The topics covered focus on a deeper and clearer understanding of how microbes cause diseases, the genome-based development of novel antibacterial agents and vaccines, and

Improving
Profitability
Sustainability
Efficiency
Nutrients
Through
Specific
Fertilizer
Recommendations
Ecosystems
7 Improving the Profitability, Sustainability and Efficiency of Nutrients Through Site Specific Fertilizer Recommendations in West Africa Agro-Ecosystems - Andre Bationo, Djimasbé Ngaradoum, Sansan Youl, Francois Lompo & Joseph Opoku Fening
Auteur : Andre Bationo, Djimasbé Ngaradoum, Sansan Youl, Francois Lompo & Joseph Opoku Fening
Genre : Agriculture
Improving fertilizer recommendations for increased return from fertilizer investments and optimized crop response to fertilizer has been a major area of investigation of IFDC. Since 2008, IFDC through its Natural Resource Management (NRM) Program has partnered with national agricultural research services to undertake research, development and extensive on-farm trials in various agroecosystems in West Africa to develop site specific fertilizer recommendations for crops. Validation trials have been conducted in many countries (Benin (maize, cassava), Burkina (rice, maize and sorghum) Ghana (maize, cocoa and cassava) and Togo (maize and cassava). However, these fertilizer recommendation data remain scattered and most of them need final statistical analysis before they can be fully utilized and/or scaled out. As part of its efforts to improve fertilizer use and efficiency in West Africa, and

Climate
Impacts
Ecosystems
8 Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro-ecosystems - Tsugihiro Watanabe, Selim Kapur, Mehmet Aydın, Rıza Kanber & Erhan Akça
Auteur : Tsugihiro Watanabe, Selim Kapur, Mehmet Aydın, Rıza Kanber & Erhan Akça
Genre : Environment
This book is based on the outcomes of a Turkish-Japanese bilateral project dealing with the impacts of climate change on basin agro-ecosystems. The book is unique in showing an up-to-date knowledge for the developing world. The chapters are related to: a) the development and improvement of a regional climate model for a more accurate prediction with higher resolution of future changes in regional climate, b) the structure of land and water management in agricultural production systems in arid areas, especially to quantitatively evaluate the relationships among cropping systems, hydrological cycle and water balance in farmland and its environments, c) the assessment of the impact of climate change and its adaptation on agricultural production systems, mainly on the aspect of land and water management, and d) the vulnerability of agricultural production systems from natural changes an

Handbook
Climate
9 Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems - Daniel Hillel & Cynthia Rosenzweig
Auteur : Daniel Hillel & Cynthia Rosenzweig
Genre : Engineering
Climate change is no longer merely projected to occur in the indeterminate future. It has already begun to be manifested in the weather regimes affecting agroecosystems, food production, and rural livelihoods in many regions around the world. It is a real and growing challenge to the world at large and in particular to the scientific community, which is called upon with increasing urgency to respond effectively.
The second volume in the ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation, Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: Global and Regional Aspects and Implications is published jointly by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America and Imperial College Press. The ongoing series is dedicated to elucidating the actual and potential impacts of climate change, and to formulating effective responses to

Improving
Profitability
Sustainability
Efficiency
Nutrients
Through
Specific
Fertilizer
Recommendations
Ecosystems
10 Improving the Profitability, Sustainability and Efficiency of Nutrients Through Site Specific Fertilizer Recommendations in West Africa Agro-Ecosystems - Andre Bationo, Djimasbé Ngaradoum, Sansan Youl, Francois Lompo & Joseph Opoku Fening
Auteur : Andre Bationo, Djimasbé Ngaradoum, Sansan Youl, Francois Lompo & Joseph Opoku Fening
Genre : Agriculture
Improving fertilizer recommendations for increased return from fertilizer investments and optimized crop response to fertilizer has been a major area of investigation of IFDC. Since 2008, IFDC through its Natural Resource Management (NRM) Program has partnered with national agricultural research services to undertake research, development and extensive on-farm trials in various agroecosystems in West Africa to develop site specific fertilizer recommendations for crops. Validation trials have been conducted in many countries (Benin (maize, cassava), Burkina (rice, maize and sorghum) Ghana (maize, cocoa and cassava) and Togo (maize and cassava). However, these fertilizer recommendation data remain scattered and most of them need final statistical analysis before they can be fully utilized and/or scaled out. As part of its efforts to improve fertilizer use and efficiency in West Africa, and

Parasitoids
Emphasis
Trichogramma
11 Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with Emphasis on Trichogramma - Fernando L. Consoli, José R. P. Parra & Roberto A. Zucchi
Auteur : Fernando L. Consoli, José R. P. Parra & Roberto A. Zucchi
Genre : Life Sciences
Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with emphasis on Trichogramma was conceived to help in the promotion of biological control through egg parasitoids by providing both basic and applied information. The book has a series of chapters dedicated to the understanding of egg parasitoid taxonomy, development, nutrition and reproduction, host recognition and utilization, and their distribution and host associations. There are also several chapters focusing on the mass production and commercialization of egg parasitoids for biological control, addressing important issues such as parasitoid quality control, the risk assessment of egg parasitoids to non-target species, the use of egg parasitoids in integrated pest management programs and the impact of GMO on these natural enemies. Chapters provide an in depth analysis of the literature available, are richly illustrated, and propose future trends. T

Diversity
12 Biotic Diversity in Agroecosystems - D. Pimentel
Auteur : D. Pimentel
Genre : Life Sciences
The preservation of biodiversity is a high priority among biologists, ecologists and environmentalists. The impact that human activities have on biodiversity is clear; however, few studies have focused on the importance of biodiversity to natural and agricultural ecosystems. In fact, many natural species are essential to sustainable agricultural programs. A new school of thought is appreciating the ecological principles and benefits that diversity of natural biota have for humans and the environment. Landscape ecology and agroecology can play a major role in protecting the environment and conserving biological diversity. The practical opportunities for improving the sustainability of agriculture and making it more environmentally sound were discussed at the Symposium on Agroecology and Conservation Issues, from which 22 papers were collected for this volume. Strategies for increasing bio

Natural
Enemies
Neotropical
13 Natural Enemies of Insect Pests in Neotropical Agroecosystems - Brígida Souza, Luis L. Vázquez & Rosangela C. Marucci
Auteur : Brígida Souza, Luis L. Vázquez & Rosangela C. Marucci
Genre : Life Sciences
This book aims to address the importance of natural enemies and functional diversity for biological control in Neotropical agroecosystems. Several aspects related to the conservation of natural enemies, such as vegetation design and climate change, are discussed in Part 1 and the bioecology of several insects groups used in biological control in Latin America is presented in Part 2. Part 3 is devoted to mass production of natural enemies while Part 4 describes how these insects have been used to control of pests in major crops, forests, pasture, weeds and plant diseases. Lastly, Part 5 reports Latin-American experiences of integration of biological in pest management programs.

Microbial
Diversity
Ecosystem
Sustainability
Biotechnological
Applications
14 Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications - Tulasi Satyanarayana, Subrata Kumar Das & Bhavdish Narain Johri
Auteur : Tulasi Satyanarayana, Subrata Kumar Das & Bhavdish Narain Johri
Genre : Biology
This volume comprehensively reviews recent advances in our understanding of the diversity of microbes in various types of terrestrial ecosystems, such as caves, deserts and cultivated fields. It is written by leading experts, and highlights the culturable microbes identified using conventional approaches, as well as non-culturable ones unveiled with metagenomic and microbiomic approaches. It discusses the role of microbes in ecosystem sustainability and their potential biotechnological applications. The book further discusses the diversity and utility of ectomycorrhizal and entomopathogenic fungi and yeasts that dwell on grapes, it examines the biotechnological applications of specific microbes such as lichens, xylan- and cellulose-saccharifying bacteria and archaea, chitinolytic bacteria, methanogenic archaea and pathogenic yeasts. 

Indicators
Farmlands
15 Birds as Useful Indicators of High Nature Value Farmlands - Federico Morelli & Piotr Tryjanowski
Auteur : Federico Morelli & Piotr Tryjanowski
Genre : Ecology
This book helps to establish a simple framework to identify and use bird species as a bioindicator for high nature value (HNV) farmlands.

This book focuses on suitable methods for monitoring the HNV areas, and presents the results of several case studies. The chapters put forward ways to integrate ecosystems assessment, geographical information systems (GIS) and strategies for conservation of local biodiversity. An innovative framework focuses on the use of species distribution models (SDMs) in order to explore the importance of each characteristic of HNV farmlands.

Furthermore, the book examines the relationships among bird species richness, land use diversity and landscape metrics at a local scale in the farmlands.

Volatiles
Security
16 Volatiles and Food Security - Devendra K. Choudhary, Anil K. Sharma, Prachi Agarwal, Ajit Varma & Narendra Tuteja
Auteur : Devendra K. Choudhary, Anil K. Sharma, Prachi Agarwal, Ajit Varma & Narendra Tuteja
Genre : Life Sciences
This book presents research on volatiles produced by microbes and plants along with their biotechnological implications for sustainable agriculture. A greater understanding of how plants and microbes live together and benefit each other can provide new strategies to improve plant productivity, while at the same time helping to protect the environment and maintain global biodiversity. To date, the use of chemicals to enhance plant growth or induced resistance in plants has been limited due to the negative effects and the difficulty in determining the optimal concentrations to benefit the plant. The book discusses extensive studies on biological alternatives that avoid these problems, and the research presented suggests that these compounds could offer an environmentally sound means to better grow and protect plants under greenhouse or field conditions. To understand the nature o

Climate
Variability
Harvest
17 Climate Variability and the Global Harvest - Cynthia Rosenzweig & Daniel Hillel
Auteur : Cynthia Rosenzweig & Daniel Hillel
Genre : Life Sciences
The Earth's climate is constantly changing. Some of the changes are progressive, while others fluctuate at various time scales. The El Niño-la Niña cycle is one such fluctuation that recurs every few years and has far-reaching impacts. It generally appears at least once per decade, but this may vary with our changing climate. The exact frequency, sequence, duration and intensity of El Niño's manifestations, as well as its effects and geographic distributions, are highly variable. The El Niño-la Niña cycle is particularly challenging to study due to its many interlinked phenomena that occur in various locations around the globe. These worldwide teleconnections are precisely what makes studying El Niño-la Niña so important. Cynthia Rosenzweig and Daniel Hillel describe the current efforts to develop and apply a global-to-regional approach to climate-risk management. They explain
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